Immigrant population-- number of people of any age who are foreign born in Maine

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Why This Indicator Matters

Maine has the oldest median age in the United States, so drawing in new residents from other states and other countries is important for the economy. In light of the national and state discussions about immigration, it is helpful to know how many immigrants live in Maine's 16 counties.

What the data show7
Maine has a small but growing immigrant population. Cumberland County has 38% of the state's foreign born population, while York has 14% and Penobscot has 9%. There are seven counties where there are less than 1,000 people who are immigrants. Nationally, Maine is 45th in the nation based on the percentage of their population that is foreign born, with 3.6% overall.
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Definitions: What this measures
The numerator is the number of people of any age who are legally in the United States and are foreign born. It is based on 5 year estimates of county level populations, the most recent being  for 2015-2019. The denominator is the 5 year estimates of total population per the US Census estimated for 2015-2019. 

Data Source: American Factfinder 5 year estimates for the numerator ( number of foreign born) and the denominator (total population), Table B05002

Footnotes:  In the census, the term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal non-immigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Updated June 2021.