Children in poverty by race and ethnicity in Maine

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Why This Indicator Matters

In the United States, there is significant income inequality based on race and ethnicity. Our history, systems, structures and policies constitute the root causes of this economic inequality. Poverty plays a key role in children's well-being and is related to every KIDS COUNT indicator. Children who live in poverty, especially those who live in poverty for long periods of time, are at an increased risk for poor health, cognitive, social, and educational outcomes. They are more likely to have physical, behavioral, and emotional health problems; to have difficulty in school; to become teen parents; and as adults, earn less.

What the data shows
In the latest 5 year estimates, for 2013-2017, the rate of poverty for Maine children who are African American or Black is estimated to be 53%, down from 58% for the 5 year period ending in 2014.
The 2017 rate of poverty among Black children of 53% is more than three times the rate for Non-Hispanic white children (15% in poverty) and twice as high as that of Hispanic children in Maine. (25% in poverty). Still, white children make up approximately 80% of all children in poverty in Maine.
Comparing Maine to national data, black children are more likely to be in poverty than in the United States. In 2017, an estimated 33% of Black or African American children were in poverty.
Casey Kids Count measure-Children in poverty by race and ethnicity
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Definitions: The percent of Maine children under age 18 who live in families with incomes below the federal poverty level. In 2017, the poverty threshold for a family of four was $24,600. This data is based on 5-year averages, so 2017 represents 2013-2017.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey five-year estimates, Tables B17001A to B17001I
ACS 5 yr Estimate Tables B17001B- 1I

Footnotes: Uploaded February 2019.