Children in poverty by race and ethnicity in Maine

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Why This Indicator Matters

In the United States, there is significant income inequality based on race and ethnicity. Our history, systems, structures and policies constitute the root causes of this economic inequality. Poverty plays a key role in children's well-being and is related to every KIDS COUNT indicator. Children who live in poverty, especially those who live in poverty for long periods of time, are at an increased risk for poor health, cognitive, social, and educational outcomes. They are more likely to have physical, behavioral, and emotional health problems; to have difficulty in school; to become teen parents; and as adults, earn less.

What the data shows
In the latest 5 year estimates, for 2014-2018, the rate of poverty for Maine children who are African American or Black is estimated to be 45.6%, down from 53.2% for the 5 year period ending in 2017.
The 2018 rate of poverty among Black children of 45.6% is more than three times the rate for Non-Hispanic white children (14.8% in poverty) and nearly twice as high as that of Hispanic children in Maine. (24.2% in poverty). Still, white children make up approximately three quarters of all children in poverty in Maine.
Comparing Maine to national data, black children are more likely to be in poverty than in the United States. In 2018, an estimated 32% of Black or African American children were in poverty.
Casey Kids Count measure-Children in poverty by race and ethnicity
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Definitions: The percent of Maine children under age 18 who live in families with incomes below the federal poverty level. In 2018, the poverty threshold for a family of four was $25,100. This data is based on 5-year averages, so 2018 represents 2014-2018.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey five-year estimates, ACS 5-yr Table B17001A to I
Table B17001A to B17001I.

Footnotes: Uploaded December 2019.