Children under 6 in poverty (ACS) in Hawaii

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Definitions: Percent of children under 6 years old in families with incomes below 100% of the federal poverty level

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, (various years), American Community Survey 5 -Year Estimates, Table B17024: Age by Ratio of Income to Poverty Level in the Past 12 Months - Universe: Population for whom poverty status is determined.

Technical note:

Poverty estimates from ACS should not be compared with other poverty indicators based on data from the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE).

Please note, the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year estimates provide average characteristics aggregated over a 5-year period. The primary advantage of using multiyear estimates is the increased reliability of the data for less populated areas and small population subgroups. However, 5-year estimates are less current than single year estimates (i.e., since they are derived from averages over five calendar years) and should not be compared to single year estimates. The Census Bureau suggests comparing periods that do not overlap, such as comparing 2007-2011 with 2012-2016, which means waiting longer to identify a trend. However, in areas undergoing fundamental shifts in the size or composition of the population, change may be so substantial that it will be obvious after only a few years. Please see the ACS data use handbook for more information (

Estimates for Kauai County in all years, Maui County in 2011 and 2010 only offer medium reliability and should be used with caution. For more information, contact the Center on the Family. 

A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at the link in the footnotes below.

Footnotes: Children under 6 in poverty (ACS).