Child poverty, by age (annual estimates)

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Definitions: This indicator represents the number and percentage of children ages 0 through 17 and ages 5 through 17 who are living in families with incomes below the federal poverty threshold. 

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE). Available at http://www.census.gov/did/www/saipe/

SAIPE uses statistical models to create its estimates. The models relate state and county estimates of income and poverty from the American Community Survey (ACS) to other indicators of income and poverty, including federal income tax returns, SNAP benefits data (formerly known as Food Stamp Program data), the most recent decennial census, intercensal population estimates, Supplemental Security Income data, and economic data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis. These estimates are then combined with direct estimates from the ACS sample to provide figures which are more precise than either set alone, thus providing consistent and reliable single-year estimates. These model-based single-year estimates are more reflective of current conditions than multi-year survey estimates.  

Footnotes: The federal poverty thresholds are updated each year by the U.S. Census Bureau and were established in 1964 using guidelines set by the Social Security Administration. Current poverty thresholds can be found here

LIMITATIONS: Estimates of uncertainty surrounding the estimates of the numbers of people in poverty are provided by the SAIPE program in the form of 90 percent confidence intervals. These intervals were constructed from estimated standard errors. For the model-based estimates, the standard error depends mainly on the uncertainty about the model and the American Community Survey (ACS) sampling variance. The confidence interval can be interpreted as providing a 90-percent probability that the lower and upper confidence bounds contain the true value. The 90-percent confidence intervals for each estimate are available here Child poverty, by age (annual estimates).