Percent of families with young children in Hawaii

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Why This Indicator Matters

Many parents of young children face the challenge of having to balance parenting during this critical developmental period in their children’s lives with the demands of employment.1 Research suggests that many families with young children are particularly vulnerable to economic insecurity. Low wages, unstable work schedules, a lack of paid leave, high housing costs, and a severe shortage of high quality, affordable childcare often intensify the challenges that many families with young children face.2

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Definitions: Percent of families with children that include young children (under six)

Data Source:

U.S. Census Bureau, (various years) American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B11003

Technical Note:
Please note, the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year estimates provide average characteristics aggregated over a 5-year period. The primary advantage of using multiyear estimates is the increased statistical reliability of the data for less populated areas and small population subgroups. However, 5-year estimates are less current than single year estimates (i.e., since they are derived from averages over five calendar years) and should not be compared to single year estimates. The Census Bureau suggests comparing periods that do not overlap, such as comparing 2007-2011 with 2012-2016, which means waiting longer to identify a trend. However, in areas undergoing fundamental shifts in the size or composition of the population, change may be so substantial that it will be obvious after only a few years. Please see the ACS data use handbook for more information (https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/publications/2008/acs/ACSGenderalHandbook.pdf).

Footnotes:
1 Demo, David H. and Martha J.Cox. 2000. “Families with Children: A Review of the Research in the 1990s.” Journal of Marriage and Family 62: 876-895.; Waldfogel, Jane. 2006. What Children Need. Harvard University Press.
2 Demo and Cox (2000); Taeffe Young, Kathryn, Karen Davis, and Cathy Schoen. 1998. “Listening to Parents: A National Survey of Parents with Young Children.” Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine 152(3): 255-262.


Percent of families with young children.