Percent who participated in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

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Definitions: Percent of total eligible population who participated in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP).

Persons are eligible for participation in SNAP (formerly the Food Stamp Program) if they meet certain resource and income tests. Not everyone who is eligible for food stamps elects to take them. More detailed information about eligibility is here: http://www.fns.usda.gov/snap/applicant_recipients/eligibility.htm#employment. SNAP eligibility rules were applied to the Current Population Survey (CPS) to estimate the total eligible population in each state.

Data Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Studies. 2013-2015 Mathematica Policy Research Institute analysis of participation data and eligible persons. The 2013-2015 report can be found at: https://www.mathematica-mpr.com/our-publications-and-findings/publications/empirical-bayes-shrinkage-estimates-of-state-snap-participation-rates-in-fy-2013-to-fy-2015-for-all

Footnotes: Updated December 2018.

A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at Percent who participated in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.