Births to mothers with less than 12 years of education

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Definitions: Births to women who had completed fewer than 12 years of education at the time of the birth.

Data Source: 2007-2016 Population Reference Bureau analysis of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). 2003 - 2006 Child Trends analysis of NCHS Final Birth microdata files.

1) United States' total reflects the total from states using the 2003 revised birth certificate only.
2) To view data for states that continue to use the 1989 standard birth certificate see indicator named: Births to mothers with less than 12 years of education (1989 standard birth certificate). Starting in 2011, data for this indicator is no longer available for states that have not yet adapted the 2003 birth certificate
3) Results are only reported on the KIDS COUNT Data Center when states have an entire calendar year of the 2003 Revised Birth Certificate or an entire calendar year of the 1989 Unrevised Birth Certificate. States that implement after January 1st are noted as N.A. (not available) for that year in both the revised and unrevised tables. This occurs in the following instances: 2004 Florida and New Hampshire, 2005 Vermont, and 2007 Georgia and Michigan, 2009 District of Columbia, Nevada, and Oklahoma, 2010 North Carolina and Louisiana, 2011 Massachusetts and Minnesota.
4) While New York State implemented the revised birth certificate in 2004, New York City did not do so until 2008. Therefore, U.S. totals for 2004 through 2007 include New York City and exclude the remainder of New York State.

Footnotes: Updated July 2018.
N.A. - Not available.
N.C. - Not comparable with data for states or cities using the 1989 standard birth certificate or for their own state for previous years but comparable with those using the 2003 revised birth certificate.  Some states may be excluded from both tables because non-comparable questions on maternal education have been used in two different parts of the year.
Data are provided for the 50 most populous cities according to the most recent Census counts.  Cities for which data is collected may change over time.