Children in poverty

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Definitions: The estimated number of children ages 0-17 who are living in households with incomes below the federal poverty threshold. The threshold, defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, is updated annually and adjusted for family size.  In 2017, the poverty threshold for a family of two children and two adults was $24,858 and the threshold for a single parent with one child was $16,895.  You can view poverty thresholds for other household compositions and other years here.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE)program.  The SAIPE program produces model-based estimates for counties, states, and school districts by combining survey data with population estimates and administrative and other economic data.  More information on methodology and general guidelines for use of these estimates can be found here

Footnotes: A note about using older SAIPE data: From 2005 forward, SAIPE estimates incorporate U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS) estimates whereas earlier SAIPE estimates incorporate U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS) estimates.  SAIPE estimates from 2005 or later should not be compared to estimates from the year 2004 or prior because of this change.  In addition, the inclusion of "group quarters" populations beginning in 2006 for ages 0-17 means that estimates for years 2006 forward should not be compared to estimates for 2005 and prior when this population was not included. 

Updated December 2018.