Children living in high poverty areas by race and ethnicity in the United States

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Definitions: Children living in census tracts with poverty rates of 30 percent or more by race and ethnicity.

Research indicates that as neighborhood poverty rates increase, undesirable outcomes rise and opportunities for success are less likely. The effects of concentrated poverty begin to appear once neighborhood poverty rates rise above 20 percent and continue to grow as the concentration of poverty increases up to the 40 percent threshold.This indicator defines areas of concentrated poverty as those census tracts with overall poverty rates of 30 percent or more because it is a commonly used threshold that lies between the starting point and leveling off point for negative neighborhood effects. The 2019 federal poverty threshold is $25,926 per year for a family of two adults and two children.

Data Source: Population Reference Bureau analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 to 2015-2019 American Community Survey 5-year data.

Footnotes: Updated January 2021.
S - Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points.
N.A. - Data not available.
A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at: Children living in high poverty areas by race and ethnicity.