Children in child welfare system who have been adopted by pre-adoptive relationship with adoptive parents

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Definitions: Children and youth in the child welfare system who have been adopted by pre-adoptive relationship with adoptive parents. Some states allow children to remain in the foster care system until their 18th birthday while other states have age limits that extend a few years beyond this. The current indicator includes children of all ages. National estimates include Puerto Rico.

For this indicator, we report on four categories: children adopted by a step-parent, 2) by other relatives, 3) by foster parents, and 4) by non-relatives. These categories are not mutually exclusive.

Data Source: Child Trends analysis of data from the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS), made available through the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect.

Footnotes: Updated May 2018.
National estimates include cases where the location is unidentified.
N.A. - Data not available.
N.R. - Data are not reported.