Children of Incarcerated Parents Index

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Definitions: Each Oklahoma County is ranked on five indicators, selected to illustrate how much of a problem it is for children residing in that county who lose their parents to prison during thir childhood.  The indicators include:  Children with Fathers in Prison, Children with Motheres in Prison, Children with Fathers Gouing to Prison During a Year (receptions), Children with Mothers Going to Prison During a Year (receptions) and the KIDS COUNT Adverse Childhood Experience Index. NOVEMBER 30, 2010.

            Incarceration Rates count the number of adult inmates who are in Oklahoma Correctional institutions.  The data is reported by sex to display Male Incarceration Rates, Female Incarceration Rates and Total Incarceration Rates.  The data reports the annual average number of men, women and all adults in prison, displayed as a rate for every 100,000 adult men, adult women or all adults, for a three year period including FY2007-FY2009.

            Reception Rates count the number of convicted felons taken into custody by the Oklahoma Department of Corrections (ODOC) during the year.  The data is reported by sex to display Male Reception Rates, Female Reception Rates and Total Reception Rates.  The data reports the annual average number of men, women and all adults taken into custody by ODOC during the year, displayed as a rate for every 100,000 adult men, adult women or all adults, for a three year period including FY2007-FY2009.  Reception Rates are also referred to as individuals (or men or women) “going to prison” through the 2010 Factbook.

            Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) Indicators are composed of seven key factors weighted to replicate for Oklahoma the ten adverse childhood experiences referenced in the ACE Study conducted by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and Department of Preventive Medicine at Kaiser Permanente (KP) in San Diego.  For the purpose of the ACE Study half (five) of the adverse childhood experiences measure household or family dysfunction and half (five) measured child maltreatment.  For the purpose of Oklahoma’s ACE Indicators, half of each county’s overall rank is generated by that county’s rank on one of five household or family dysfunction indicators: Absent Family Indicators (Parental Separation or Divorce and Incarcerated Household Member) and Mental Illness/Substance Abuse Indicators (Mentally Ill Household Member and Substance Abusing Household Member) and Violence Against Mother. Each individual indicator contributes 10% to each county’s overall rank.  The other half of each county’s overall rank is generated by that country’s rank on one of two child maltreatment indicators: Abuse (Psychological, Physical & Sexual) and Neglect (Emotional & Physical), weighted at 30% and 20% respectively to replicate the three Abuse indicators and the two Neglect indicators referenced in the ACE Study.  Taken together the data items provide one way to measure adverse childhood experience for Oklahoma and each county in a manner that can be ranked and compared.  The worse the county rank, the more likely its children are at risk of poor adult health status and early death.  

 

  

 

Data Source:

Incarceration data and reception data are provided by the Oklahoma Department of Corrections (ODOC).  Population data uses U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Estimates Division for 2007, updated in 2009, approximating the midpoint of the three years (FY 2007-FY 2009) for which the average annual numbers and rates are calculated. 

Absent Family data provided by Oklahoma State Department of Health (OSDH).  Incarcerated Household Member data provided by Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation. (2002). Crime in Oklahoma: 2002 Uniform Crime Report. Oklahoma City, OK; Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation. (2003). Crime in Oklahoma: 2003 Uniform Crime Report. Oklahoma City, OK; and Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation. (2004). Crime in Oklahoma: 2004 Uniform Crime Report. Oklahoma City, OK.  Mentally Ill Household Member data is from Department of Health and Human Services (August 2006). Substate Estimates from the 2002-2004 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, Rockville, MD.   Substance Abusing Household Member data is from Department of Health and Human Services (August 2006). Substate Estimates from the 2002-2004 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, Rockville, MD.   Violence Against Mother data is from the Oklahoma Criminal Justice Resource Center (September 2003 - September 2004). A Multi-Disciplinary Analysis by the Oklahoma Domestic Violence Fatality Review Board. Oklahoma City, OK. www. ocjrc.net/dvfrbHome.aspChild Abuse and Child Neglect data is provided by the Oklahoma Department of Human Services (OKDHS).  Population data provided by the Oklahoma State Data Center, Research and Policy, Oklahoma Department of Commerce (ODOC), using U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Estimates Division for 2003.

 

Footnotes: NOTE:  Since indexes rank counties only, a state index is not developed.