Poverty rate of children, ages 0-4, by race and ethnicity in New Mexico

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Definitions: Poverty rate is derived by dividing the number of 0-4 year olds living in poverty by the total number of 0-4 year olds of each race and ethnicity. Thus in 2021, for example, 29% of all New Mexico children under 5, and 30% of Hispanic children under 5, lived in poverty.

The U.S. Census uses these race categories: White, Black or African American, American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, Some Other Race, and Two or More Races. In addition, the U.S. Census uses two ethnic categories: Hispanic and Non-Hispanic. Hispanic (or Latino) refers to a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race. The term 'origin' is used to indicate a person's (or the person's parents) heritage, nationality group, lineage, or country of birth. People who identify their origin as Spanish or Hispanic may be of any race.  

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 1-year estimates, Tables B17001, B17001B, B17001C, B17001D, B17001E, B17001F, B17001G, B17001H, B17001I.

Footnotes: Data are not available (NA) because the number of sample cases is too small. When this occurs, as in some racial and ethnic groups, problems with statistical instability may occur. An unstable count or rate may fluctuate widely across time periods. An unstable count or rate should be interpreted with caution and should not be used to predict outcomes. 

New Mexico state-level data typically are from the American Community Survey 1-year estimates. As a result of COVID-19 data collection challenges, the 2020 New Mexico state-level data are 5-year estimates and not comparable to other years. 

County-level data are available by request.

Updated February 2023.