Poverty rate of children, ages 0-4, by race and ethnicity

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Definitions: Poverty rate is derived by dividing the number of 0-4 year olds living in poverty by the total number of 0-4 year olds, by race and ethnicity. Thus in 2016, for example, approximately 36% of all New Mexico children under 5, and 41% of Hispanic children under 5, lived in poverty.

The U.S. Census uses these race categories: White, Black or African American, American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, Some Other Race, and Two or More Races. In addition, the U.S. Census uses two ethnic categories: Hispanic and Non-Hispanic. Hispanic (or Latino) refers to a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race. The term 'origin' is used to indicate a person's (or the person's parents) heritage, nationality group, lineage, or country of birth. People who identify their origin as Spanish or Hispanic may be of any race.  

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 1-year estimates, Tables B17001B, B17001C, B17001D, B17001E, B17001F, B17001G, B17001H, B17001I.
For 2015 the overall poverty rate of 0-4 year olds in New Mexico, shown as Total, is available from Table S1701.  For years prior to 2015, it is derived from: U.S. Census Bureau, ACS Tables B01001, Population of 0-4 year olds, and B17006, Poverty Status of 0-4 year olds.

Footnotes: Data is not available (NA) because the number of sample cases is too small. When this occurs, as in some racial and ethnic groups, problems with statistical instability may occur. An unstable count or rate may fluctuate widely across time periods. An unstable count or rate should be interpreted with caution and should not be used to predict outcomes. For more information on statistical stability, visit the NM-IBIS Reliability & Validity page, https://ibis.health.state.nm.us/resource/ReliabilityValidity.html.

County-level data are available by request.

Updated October 2017.