Description: Teen pregnancy is associated with negative consequences for adolescents, and, when the pregnancy is carried to term, the child. The majority of teen pregnancies are unintended and in 2010, 26% of these pregnancies ended in abortion. Controlling for the fact that teen mothers tend to be members of vulnerable and low-income populations, early parenthood is associated with welfare dependence, poorer long-term educational outcomes, and instability in family structure.
Methodology: The number and rate of births to girls age 15-17 per 1,000 females for that age group in a town or county. The rate is calculated by dividing the number females 15-17 years old who gave birth by the total number of all females in that age group in a town or county and multiplying by 1,000. Presented here is the total number of girls, 15 to 17 years old, who gave birth to a child within the state of Connecticut. This number is estimated by applying the 2000 Census proportions to the population estimates from the Connecticut Department of Public Health. Rates for towns in which fewer than five teens give birth are not calculated because of the unreliability of calculations based on small numbers.
Connecticut Department of Public Health, Published data, Table 4 (SFY 2001, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2011) http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=3132&q=394598
Child Trends Databank, Teen Pregnancy (2015): http://www.childtrends.org/?indicators=teen-pregnancy#_edn4
Hoffman, S.D., & Maynard, R.A. (Eds.). (2008). Kids having kids: Economic costs & social consequences of teen pregnancy (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: The Urban Institute Press.
Kost, K., & Henshaw, S. (2014). U.S. teenage pregnancies, births and abortions, 2010: National and state trends and trends by age, race, and ethnicity. Guttmacher Institute.
Sedgh, G., Finer, L.B., Bankole, A., Eilers, M.A., & Singh, S. (2015). Adolescent pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates across countries: Levels and recent trends. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56,
223 - 230.
The birth rate of 18 and 19 year-old
girls is not reported because the number of females in this age group is
skewed in towns with colleges. Similarly, births to girls under age 15
have been excluded because there are very few for this group (about 60
per year). The inclusion of females under 15 in the denominator would
dramatically lower the rate, giving an underestimate of the risk for
teen births to teenagers.
This indicator is
different than the total number of babies born to women under 18 as a
percentage of all live births.
NA = Not Applicable
LNE = Data suppressed for incidents <5