Births with Late or No Prenatal Care Received

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Why This Indicator Matters

Regular prenatal care is correlated with improved health outcomes for both mothers and babies.[i] Frequent and timely prenatal visits provide pregnant women and their physicians to monitor maternal and fetal health, track fetal development, and identify potential health risks and issues. [ii] Research has shown that a variety of factors, including having health insurance and social support from partners, increase the probability of accessing prenatal care throughout pregnancy among low-income women who are otherwise less likely receive regular care prior to giving birth compared to their higher income peers. [iii]



[i] Kotelchuck, M. (1994). The Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization Index: its US distribution and association with low birthweight. American journal of public health84(9), 1486-1489.

[ii] Chalmers, B., Mangiaterra, V., & Porter, R. (2001). WHO principles of perinatal care: the essential antenatal, perinatal, and postpartum care course. Birth28(3), 202-207.

[iii] Schaffer, M. A. and Lia-Hoagberg, B. (1997), Effects of Social Support on Prenatal Care and Health Behaviors of Low-Income Women. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 26: 433-440. doi:10.1111/j.1552-6909.1997.tb02725.x

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Definitions:

This indicator reports the number and percentage of births to mothers who either did not receive prenatal care, or whose care began during the second or third trimester, which is considered late.

Data Source:

Connecticut Department of Public Health, Vital Statistics,2001, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2014 and 2015, Table 4.                    

Footnotes:

The numbers and percentages of births to mothers who either did not receive prenatal care, or whose care began during the second or third trimester were obtained from the State Department of Public Health Vital Statistics tables. Counts of five or fewerexcluding zerowere suppressed by the Department of Public Health, as were percentages derived from suppressed totals. Denominators used for calculating percentages exclude records with missing data.


*= suppressed count a= suppressed percentage