Median family income by race and ethnicity (5-year average)

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Definitions: Median family income by race and ethnicity of householder. The median family income is based on the annual income of all members within the family. The median income is the dollar amount at which half of all families in the area have more income and half have less. The state-level and county-level figures reported here are 5-year estimates. All figures appear in inflation-adjusted dollars for that year.

Data Source: Data for this measure come from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Fact Finder, American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year Estimates. 

Data were retrieved on June 30, 2015 from from http://factfinder2.census.gov (Table B19113, B19113A-B19113I).

*Please use these estimates with caution. The relative size of the margin of error is 10 percentage points or greater, which indicates that this estimate has a large margin of error. This generally occurs when estimate relies on small number of cases. To obtain total confidence interval values around the estimates for this indicator please contact Washington KIDS COUNT.

NA: data not available or population size is zero.

Footnotes: Data last updated in June 2015 by Washington KIDS COUNT.

The U.S. Census Bureau often revises previous estimates. Therefore, figures presented here may be different from figures presented elsewhere. 

A family includes a householder and one or more people living in the same household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption. All people in a household who are related to the householder are regarded as members of his or her family. According to the ACS subject definitions guide (http://www.census.gov/acs/www/UseData/Def.htm) a household contains only one family in the published tabulations.

The 2009-2013 ACS data release marked the fifth time that 5-year estimates were released for all areas. The ACS 2009-2013 data were collected during calendar years 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013.

The 5-year ACS estimates represent the average characteristics over the 5-year period of time, and therefore are less current than 1-year and 3-yearACS estimates. However, these estimates are more reliable because they are based on a larger sample size and provide data for counties with populations less than 20,000. The 3-year estimates are available for geographic areas with populations of 20,000 or greater, while 1-year estimates are only published for populations of 65,000 or greater. More information about 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year ACS surveys and estimates are available online at http://www.census.gov/acs/www/guidance_for_data_users/guidance_main/.

In the ACS, race is a self-identification data item in which respondents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. The racial/ethnic categories of the US Census Bureau can be found in the following report: Census 2000 Brief, “Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin”. A summary of the racial categories is reproduced below.

“White” refers to people having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. It includes people who indicated their race or races as “White” or wrote in entries such as Irish, German, Italian, Lebanese, Near Easterner, Arab, or Polish.

“Black or African American” refers to people having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. It includes people who indicated their race or races as “Black, African Am., or Negro,” or wrote in entries such as African American, Afro American, Nigerian, or Haitian.

“American Indian and Alaska Native” refers to people having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America), and who maintain tribal affiliation or community attachment. It includes people who indicated their race or races by marking this category or writing in their principal or enrolled tribe, such as Rosebud Sioux, Chippewa, or Navajo.

“Asian” refers to people having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent. It includes people who indicated their race or races as “Asian Indian,” “Chinese,” “Filipino,” “Korean,” “Japanese,” “Vietnamese,” or “Other Asian,” or wrote in entries such as Burmese, Hmong, Pakistani, or Thai.

“Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander” refers to people having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands. It includes people who indicated their race or races as “Native Hawaiian,” “Guamanian or Chamorro,” “Samoan,” or “Other Pacific Islander,” or wrote in entries such as Tahitian, Mariana Islander, or Chuukese.