First births to unmarried women under the age of 20 with less than 12 years of education are three risk factors that make these new families a group at high risk for poverty. This indicator reflects the percentage of new families with this combination of circumstances.
New families with three risk factors is an indicator that reflects the percentage of all first births (where the mother's age, educational and marital status is also known) that are births to single women who are under 20 years of age and have less than 12 years of education. First births to unmarried women under the age of 20 with less than 12 years of schooling represent the formation of families who are at higher risk for poverty than are other families.
Vermont Agency of Human Services, Department of Health, Vital Statistics
"New families with three risk factors" is expressed as a three-year
average. For example, 2009-2011 data is the average of 2009, 2010, and
Calculation: the total number of first births with these criteria--first births to single women who are under 20 years of age and have less than 12 years of education--is summed for each three-year period and used in the numerator for rate calculations.
The total number of all first births for which complete data on
mother’s age, education, and marital status is available is used as the
denominator. The calculated proportion is multiplied by 100, to show
the percent of all new families formed at high socioeconomic risk.