CHIP - Number of children (age 0-18) enrolled by age group in Pennsylvania

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Why This Indicator Matters

There are multiple sources of health insurance coverage. For families that may not otherwise be able to afford coverage, public insurance through Medicaid or the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) makes health insurance well within reach.Pennsylvania has been a leader among states in providing health insurance to kids through CHIP, launching the first CHIP in the country in 1992 after then-Governor Bob Casey, Sr. established a plan to offer health care insurance for children who were neither eligible for Medical Assistance nor could afford private insurance. The federal version of CHIP was modeled after Pennsylvania’s program several years later.
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Data Provided By

Definitions: The total number of children receiving health coverage through the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) by age group.

Data Source: Pennsylvania Department of Human Services, Office of the Children’s Health Insurance Program

Footnotes: The totals are greater than the sum of all age groups due to the exclusion of 19-year-olds in the CHIP data.

CHIP enrollment decreased in the last six months of calendar year 2014 because children living in families with income no greater than 133% of poverty moved to Medicaid at the time of renewal (as a result of the ACA’s Medicaid eligibility level increasing). Since the transition to Medicaid for all of those children was completed at the end of 2014, the first six calendar months of 2015 have seen a slight increase in children enrolled in CHIP due to CHIP outreach efforts.

As discussed in our 2021 State of Children's Health Report, a key factor affecting increased enrollment within Medicaid is the disenrollment freeze that began March 18, 2020, implemented in the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA). This freeze will remain in place for as long as the federal public health emergency (PHE) is in effect. Unlike Medicaid, the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) was not included in the FFCRA freeze, meaning that children are not guaranteed to keep their CHIP coverage during the PHE. As such, much of the decrease in CHIP enrollments occurred for children whose family income fell within Medicaid eligibility and were appropriately transferred. Those children have been able to retain coverage in Medicaid due to the disenrollment freeze regardless of any additional fluctuations in family income.

Updated May 2022.