The number of children living in poverty estimates related children under the age of 18 who live in families with incomes below the U.S. poverty threshold. The percent of children living in poverty compares the estimate of children living in poverty to an estimate of children who live in families with any amount of income. Related children are the children related to the "family head" by birth, marriage or adoption and include relatives such as nieces and nephews. Children under age 18 who do not live in a household where they are related to the head of the household are not included in this analysis. Data estimates only families for whom an income level has been determined. The poverty thresholds, as defined by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, are updated annually based on many factors. A family is classified as poor if its income falls below this minimum standard. For example, in 2010, a household of two would be counted as poor if their income fell below $14,973/year; a household of three below $17,568/year; or a household of four below $22,113/year; and so on.
Data from the U.S. Bureau of the Census, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE), for each year.
Child poverty rates are typically the best measure of the presence of very poor children in a community. These estimates combine data from administrative records, intercensal population estimates, and the decennial census with direct estimates from the American Community Survey to provide consistent and reliable single-year estimates. These model-based single-year estimates are more reflective of current conditions than multi-year survey estimates.
LAST UPDATED OR EDITED: December 5, 2017.