Child abuse and neglect reports investigated and substantiated

Change Indicator

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Definitions:

The number and rate per 1,000 children investigated (receiving assessments) for abuse and neglect during the state fiscal year (July – June).

The number of children with a substantiated finding by category during the state fiscal year (July – June) by most severe finding.

Substantiated abuse is defined as a situation in which a child’s parent, guardian, custodian or caretaker inflicts or allows to be inflicted, creates or allows to be created a substantial risk of serious physical injury by other than accidental means; or uses or allows to be used upon the child cruel or grossly inappropriate procedures or cruel or grossly inappropriate devices to modify behavior; or commits, permits, or encourages the commission of any sexual offense by, with or upon the child in violation of the law; promotes the prostitution of the child; or creates or allows to be created serious emotional damage to the child; or encourages, directs or approves of delinquent acts involving moral turpitude committed by the child. Substantiated neglect is defined as a situation in which a child does not receive proper care, supervision or discipline from the child’s parent, guardian, custodian or caretaker; or who has been abandoned; or who is not provided necessary medical care; or who is not provided necessary remedial care; or who lives in an environment injurious to the child’s welfare; or who has been placed for care or adoption in violation of the law. In determining whether a child is neglected, it is relevant if that the child lives in a home where another child has died as a result of abuse or neglect or lives in a home where another child has been subjected to sexual abuse or severe physical abuse by an adult who regularly lives in the home.

Data Source: Duncan, D.F., Kum, H.C., Flair, K.A., and Stewart, C.J. Management Assistance for Child Welfare, Work First, and Food & Nutrition Services in North Carolina.  Special data request, March 2011.  Also available online through the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Jordan Institute for Families website at http://ssw.unc.edu/ma/. 

Footnotes: Last updated June 2018.