Children in immigrant families in which resident parents have been in the country five years or less

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Definitions: The percent of children under age 18 who are either foreign-born themselves or who have at least one foreign-born parent in which neither resident parent has been in the country more than five years.

Foreign-born is defined as either a U.S. citizen by naturalization or not a citizen of the U.S. Native-born is defined as born in the U.S., Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or the Northern Marianas or born abroad of American parents. The foreign-born status of children not living with either parent is based solely on the status of the child and no other household member. Children living in subfamilies are linked to their parent(s) and not the householder.

Data Source: Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 through 2016 American Community Survey.

The data for this measure come from the 2005 through 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Beginning in January 2005, the U.S. Census Bureau expanded the ACS sample to 3 million households (full implementation), and in January 2006 the ACS included group quarters. The ACS, fully implemented, is designed to provide annually updated social, economic, and housing data for states and communities. (Such local-area data have traditionally been collected once every ten years in the long form of the decennial census.)

Footnotes: Updated January 2018.
S – Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points.
N.A. – Data not available.
Data are provided for the 50 most populous cities according to the most recent Census counts.  Cities for which data is collected may change over time.
A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at
Children in immigrant families in which resident parents have been in the country five years or less.