Youth and young adults ages 14 to 24 who live in high-poverty areas by family nativity in the United States

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Definitions: Youth and young adults ages 14 to 24 living in census tracts with poverty rates of 30 percent or more by family nativity.

Research indicates that as neighborhood poverty rates increase, undesirable outcomes rise and opportunities for success are less likely. The effects of concentrated poverty begin to appear once neighborhood poverty rates rise above 20 percent and continue to grow as the concentration of poverty increases up to the 40 percent threshold. This indicator defines areas of concentrated poverty as those census tracts with overall poverty rates of 30 percent or more because it is a commonly used threshold that lies between the starting point and leveling off point for negative neighborhood effects. The 2019 federal poverty threshold is $25,926 per year for a family of two adults and two children.

Youth and young adults in immigrant families is defined as youth and young adults who are themselves foreign-born or reside with at least one foreign-born parent. Foreign-born is defined as either a U.S. citizen by naturalization or not a citizen of the U.S. Native-born is defined as born in the U.S., Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or the Northern Marianas or born abroad of American parents. The foreign-born status of youth and young adults not living with either parent is based solely on the status of the youth or young adult and no other household member. Youth and young adults living in subfamilies are linked to their parent(s) and not the householder.

Data Source: Population Reference Bureau analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 through 2015-2019 American Community Survey.

Footnotes: Updated July 2021.
S - Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points.
N.A. – Data not available.
A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at Youth and young adults ages 14 to 24 who live in high-poverty areas by family nativity.