Children in poverty by county

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Why This Indicator Matters

Given what we know about the long-term consequences associated with growing up poor, including slower or impaired brain development, lower educational attainment, increased likelihood of teen birth and arrest, reduced labor force attachment, and worse health (for example, Hair et al. 2015 and Ratcliffe 2015), poverty is a critical indicator of how youth are faring over time.

References:

Hair, Nicole L., Jamie L. Hanson, Barbara L. Wolfe, and Seth D. Pollak. 2015. “Association of Child Poverty, Brain Development, and Academic Achievement.” JAMA Pediatrics 169(9): 822–829.
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Definitions: Poverty is calculated by total family income to an annually adjusted threshold based on number of adults and children in the family. Therefore, all family members have the same poverty status. In 2016, the poverty threshold for a single-parent family with one child was $16,543, and the corresponding threshold for a two-adult two-child family was $24,339.

Data Source: U.S. Census, American Community Survey, 2012–2016



U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey (2016). “Poverty Status in the Past 12 Months by Sex and Age.” 

Footnotes: 95% confidence interval around estimates. Children in poverty by county.