Children without health insurance by poverty level in the United States

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Definitions: Children under age 19 not covered by any health insurance by poverty level.


The data are based on health insurance coverage at the time of the survey; interviews are conducted throughout the calendar year. Children receiving health insurance through a variety of State Health Insurance Programs (SCHIP) are counted as having health insurance.

The federal poverty definition consists of a series of thresholds based on family size and composition. In calendar year 2018, a family of two adults and two children fell in the “poverty” category if their annual income fell below $ 25,465. Poverty status is not determined for people in military barracks, institutional quarters, or for unrelated individuals under age 15 (such as foster children).  Poverty data are based on income received in the 12 months prior to the survey.

Data Source: Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 2017 and 2018 American Community Survey. These data are derived from data available in ACS table B27016.

Footnotes: Updated October 2019.
S - Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points. 
N.A. – Data not available. 
Use caution when comparing congressional districts over time. Congressional district boundaries may change between decennial censuses. Annual data for each congressional district refers to the boundaries for that district in that year.
A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at
Children without health insurance by poverty level.