Crowded housing in Hawaii

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Why This Indicator Matters

Living in crowded housing conditions can adversely affect children’s development, academic achievement, and future life outcomes. Children who experience crowded housing are at greater risk of behavioral problems and poor health.1

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Data Provided By

Definitions: Percent of households that have 1.01 or more persons per room

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, various years, American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, DP04 "Selected housing characteristics."

Technical Note:
Please note, the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year estimates provide average characteristics aggregated over a 5-year period. The primary advantage of using multiyear estimates is the increased statistical reliability of the data for less populated areas and small population subgroups. However, 5-year estimates are less current than single year estimates (i.e., since they are derived from averages over five calendar years) and should not be compared to single year estimates. The Census Bureau suggests comparing periods that do not overlap, such as comparing 2007-2011 with 2012-2016, which means waiting longer to identify a trend. However, in areas undergoing fundamental shifts in the size or composition of the population, change may be so substantial that it will be obvious after only a few years. Please see the ACS data use handbook for more information (   


1 Solari, Claudia D. and Robert D. Mare. 2012. “Housing Crowding Effects on Children’s Wellbeing.” Social Science Research 41(2): 464-476.

Crowded housing.