Foreign Born Children

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Why This Indicator Matters

Children and youth living in immigrant families, and in families who have relocated from U.S. territories, represent the fastest growing group of children in America.[i] To assess the policies and practices that can affect this population, it is important to understand how they are represented in Connecticut, and how they may resemble or differ from the foreign-born population nationally.[ii],[iii]For example, in 2015, 25% of children with at least one foreign-born parent lived in households with incomes below the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) nationally, compared to 19 of children in U.S.-born families. However, in Connecticut, only 14% of children with a foreign-born parent lived below the FPL.[iv] Connecticut’s children in immigrant families were also more likely to live in two-parent homes and with householders who have at least a high school degree. It should be noted that children in Connecticut with at least one foreign-born parent are far more likely to be non-Hispanic white—and far less likely to be Hispanic—than in the nation overall. This is in part because 24% of Connecticut’s foreign born population were born in Europe, as compared to the almost 11% of foreign born residents originating from European countries nationwide.



[i] Adelman, Howard, and Linda Taylor. "Immigrant Children and Youth in the USA: Facilitating Equity of Opportunity at School." Education Sciences 5, no. 4 (2015): 323-44.

[ii] Hernandez, D. J., Denton, N. A., & Macartney, S. E. (2008). Children in Immigrant Families: Looking to America's Future. Social Policy Report. Volume 22, Number 3. Society for Research in Child Development.

[iii] Colby, S. L., & Ortman, J. M. (2015). Projections of the Size and Composition of the U.S. Population: 2014 to 2060 (P25-1143 ed., pp. 1-13) (United States, Department of Commerce, Census Bureau). Washington D.C.: Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2018

[iv] The Annie E. Casey Foundation, KIDS COUNT Data Center. Children living below the poverty threshold by family nativity (Table). Retrieved from http://datacenter.kidscount.org/data/tables/117-children-living-below-the-povertythreshold-by-family-nativity?loc=1&loct=1-detailed/1/any/fal se/573,869,36,868,867/78,79/449,450


Children and youth living in immigrant families, and in families who have relocated from U.S. territories, represent the fastest growing group of children in America.[i] To assess the policies and practices that can affect this population, it is important to understand how they are represented in Connecticut, and how they may resemble or differ from the foreign-born population nationally.[ii],[iii]For example, in 2015, 25% of children with at least one foreign-born parent lived in households with incomes below the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) nationally, compared to 19 of children in U.S.-born families. However, in Connecticut, only 14% of children with a foreign-born parent lived below the FPL.[iv] Connecticut’s children in immigrant families were also more likely to live in two-parent homes and with householders who have at least a high school degree. It should be noted that children in Connecticut with at least one foreign-born parent are far more likely to be non-Hispanic white—and far less likely to be Hispanic—than in the nation overall. This is in part because 24% of Connecticut’s foreign born population were born in Europe, as compared to the almost 11% of foreign born residents originating from European countries nationwide.



[i] Adelman, Howard, and Linda Taylor. "Immigrant Children and Youth in the USA: Facilitating Equity of Opportunity at School." Education Sciences 5, no. 4 (2015): 323-44.

[ii] Hernandez, D. J., Denton, N. A., & Macartney, S. E. (2008). Children in Immigrant Families: Looking to America's Future. Social Policy Report. Volume 22, Number 3. Society for Research in Child Development.

[iii] Colby, S. L., & Ortman, J. M. (2015). Projections of the Size and Composition of the U.S. Population: 2014 to 2060 (P25-1143 ed., pp. 1-13) (United States, Department of Commerce, Census Bureau). Washington D.C.: Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2018

[iv] The Annie E. Casey Foundation, KIDS COUNT Data Center. Children living below the poverty threshold by family nativity (Table). Retrieved from http://datacenter.kidscount.org/data/tables/117-children-living-below-the-povertythreshold-by-family-nativity?loc=1&loct=1-detailed/1/any/fal se/573,869,36,868,867/78,79/449,450


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Definitions:

This indicator reports the number and percentage of children who are foreign-born. According to the U.S. Census, the native population includes individuals born in the United States, Puerto Rico, a U.S. Island Area (such as Guam), or abroad of American (U.S. citizen) parent or parents. The foreign-born population includes anyone who was not a U.S. citizen or a U.S. national at birth and includes respondents who indicated they were a U.S. citizen by naturalization or not a U.S. citizen.

Data Source:

U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates 2007-2011 and 2012-2016, Table B05009

Footnotes:

The total number of children is summed for those under the age of 18 who are foreign-born. These totals are divided by the total number of children living in families to calculate the percentage of children who are foreign-born.

Counts fewer than or equal to 5 are suppressed, as are percents derived from suppressed counts.
 
*= suppressed count a= percents derived from suppressed counts