Percent of Children with No Parents in Workforce in Hawaii

Change Indicator

Why This Indicator Matters

Parental employment is important for overall child well-being as it increases the likelihood of family economic security, good nutrition, decent and stable housing, and adequate health care. Growing up in economic hardship threatens healthy child development.1

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Data Provided By

Definitions: Percent of children in families where no parent is in the workforce

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Various Years, Table B23008: Age of Own Children under 18 Years in Families and Subfamilies by Living Arrangements by Employment Status of Parents - Universe: Own Children Under 18 Years in Families and Subfamilies

Technical Notes:
Please note, the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year estimates provide average characteristics aggregated over a 5-year period. The primary advantage of using multiyear estimates is the increased statistical reliability of the data for less populated areas and small population subgroups. However, 5-year estimates are less current than single year estimates (i.e., since they are derived from averages over five calendar years) and should not be compared to single year estimates. The Census Bureau suggests comparing periods that do not overlap, such as comparing 2007-2011 with 2012-2016, which means waiting longer to identify a trend. However, in areas undergoing fundamental shifts in the size or composition of the population, change may be so substantial that it will be obvious after only a few years. Please see the ACS data  use handbook for more information (

Estimates for Kauai in 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2013, 2012, 2011, and 2010 only offer medium reliability and should be used with caution. For more information, contact the Center on the Family. 


1 Waldfogel, Jane. 2006. What Children Need. Harvard University Press.

Percent of Children with No Parents in Workforce.