Immigrant Population in Maine
Why This Indicator Matters
What the data show7
Maine's population that is foreign-born has remained at 3.6% for each of the 5-year periods from 2012-2016 to 2016-2020. The most recent population growth in Maine is from out-of-staters moving in, rather than from people from other countries, or from births.
Four counties in Maine have two-thirds of the state's immigrant population. Cumberland County has 37% of the state's foreign-born population, while York has 15% and Penobscot has 9% and Androscoggin 8%. There are six counties where there are less than 1,000 people who are immigrants.
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What this measures
The numerator is the number of people of any age who are legally in the United States and are foreign born. It is based on 5-year estimates of county level populations, the most recent being for 2016-2020. The denominator is the 5-year estimates of total population per the US Census estimated for 2016-2020.
US Census American Community Survey available on data.census.gov Table B05002
In the census, the term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal non-immigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
Updated May 2022.
Maine Children's Alliance
The Maine Children's Alliance advocates for sound public policies and promotes best practices to improve the lives of all Maine's children, youth and families.Learn More