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Children who had a parent who was ever incarcerated in the United States

Change Indicator

Children who had a parent who was ever incarcerated

Data Provided By

Definitions: To the best of your knowledge, has this child EVER experienced any of the following?
Parent or guardian served time in jail.

Data Source:

Child Trends analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, National Survey of Children’s Health.

The state-level data used here come from the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH). The NSCH includes information on approximately 50,000 children under age 18, with representative samples for each state. For more information on the NSCH, see

Footnotes: Updated May 2021.
S - Estimates suppressed when the 95% confidence interval is greater than 20 percentage points or 1.2 times the estimate.
N.R. - No observations in the sample.
N.A. – Data not available.
Percentages exclude missing data. Weighted percentages were applied to the estimates of those missing to derive overall estimates for the number of children.