Teen births in New Hampshire

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Why This Indicator Matters

The United States continues to have one of the highest teen pregnancy rates among western industrialized nations (CDC, 2017), although the rate continues to decline. In 2015, the rate reached 22.3 per 1,000 females aged 15 to 19, equating to 229,715 infants, and representing a record low for the United States (CDC, 2017). Although it is unclear precisely what factors are driving the decline, research suggests that use of contraceptives among sexually active teens is playing an important role (Santelli et al., 2007; Lindberg et al., 2016).

Despite continued declines in teen birth rates, disparities persist along geographic, racial-ethnic, income, and educational lines. For instance, Hispanic teens have a birth rate twice as high as their non-Hispanic white counterparts, and teen birth rates are especially high across Appalachia and the South. Addressing these disparities in risk is key, as teen pregnancy and birth are related to significant costs for tax payers, including elevated costs in health care, foster care, and incarceration, as well as lost tax revenue from teen parents’ attenuated educational attainment and employment potential (CDC, 2017).

New Hampshire is consistently ranked among the lowest in the nation in terms of teen birth rates, just behind Massachusetts in 2016. With just 9.3 infants born per 1,000 females aged 15–19, this low rate continues the state’s downward trend in recent years (CDC, 2018).

References:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2018). “Teen Birth Rate by State.” Retrieved April 18, 2018.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017). “Teen Pregnancy in the United States.” Retrieved April 18, 2018.

Lindberg, Laura, John Santelli, and Sheila Desai (2016). “Understanding the Decline in Adolescent Fertility in the United States, 2007–2012.” Journal of Adolescent Health 59(5): 577–283.

Santelli, John S., Laura Duberstein Lindberg, Lawrence B. Finer, and Sushella Singh (2007). “Explaining Recent Declines in Adolescent Pregnancy in the United States: The Contribution of Abstinence and Improved Contraceptive Use.” American Journal of Public Health 97(1): 150–156. 

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Definitions: Births to teen mothers ages 15 to 19 by county of mother's residence. Rate is per 1,000 females ages 15 to 19 in the population.

Data Source: New Hampshire Department of State, Division of Vital Records Administration

U.S. Census Bureau, Table PEPAGESEX: Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Selected Age Groups by Sex for the United States, States, Counties, and Puerto Rico Commonwealth and Municipios, 2014 Population Estimates

Footnotes: 2015 data is being requested and will be added when received.