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Children in child welfare system who have been adopted by pre-adoptive relationship with adoptive parents in the United States

Change Indicator

Children in child welfare system who have been adopted by pre-adoptive relationship with adoptive parents

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Definitions: Children and youth in the child welfare system who have been adopted by pre-adoptive relationship with adoptive parents. Some states allow children to remain in the foster care system until their 18th birthday while other states have age limits that extend a few years beyond this. The current indicator includes children of all ages. National estimates include Puerto Rico.

For this indicator, we report on four categories: children adopted by a step-parent, 2) by other relatives, 3) by foster parents, and 4) by non-relatives. These categories are not mutually exclusive.

Data Source: Child Trends analysis of data from the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS), made available through the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect.
The data used in this publication, Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) 2019 #239, were obtained from the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect and have been used in accordance with its Terms of Use Agreement license. The Administration on Children, Youth and Families, the Children's Bureau, the original dataset collection personnel or funding source, NDACAN, Cornell University and their agents or employees bear no responsibility for the analyses or interpretations presented here.

Footnotes: Updated June 2021.
National estimates include cases where the location is unidentified.
N.A. - Data not available.
N.R. - Data are not reported.