Poverty Level - Population (age 0-5) in Pennsylvania
Why This Indicator Matters
The poverty level, also known as the poverty line, is the lowest level of income deemed necessary for basic living standards within a given society. This level is based on the cost of food, clothing, shelter, and utilities, which are considered to be the bare minimum resources essential for survival. The Department of Health and Human Services updates the U.S. Federal Poverty Level each year based on data from the Census Bureau and produces poverty thresholds for families of varying size. These thresholds are used by the government to determine eligibility for federal, state, and local aid, such as food stamps and health insurance. Poverty has been associated with several poor living conditions, including homelessness, food insecurity, inadequate childcare, lack of access to healthcare, unsafe neighborhoods, and underfunded schools. Such conditions are particularly destructive for children, who often experience stunts in development, shortened life expectancy, increased likelihood of health conditions, achievement gaps, and general instability because of poverty. Research strongly suggests that all families require a strong foundation with an adequate income in order to be healthy, succeed in school, contribute to the local community, and participate in the economy. Measuring economic hardship and deprivation plays a critical role in creating a world where everyone has that basic foundation.
 Institute for Research on Poverty. (2021). How is Poverty Measured? https://www.irp.wisc.edu/resources/how-is-poverty-measured/
 Unite for Sight. (2021). Measuring Poverty and Poverty Scorecards. http://www.uniteforsight.org/global-health-university/poverty-scorecards
 American Psychological Association. (2009). Effects of Poverty, Hunger, and Homelessness on Children and Youth. https://www.apa.org/pi/families/poverty
 Murphey, D. & Redd, Z. (2014). 5 Ways Poverty Harms Children. Child Trends. https://www.childtrends.org/publications/5-ways-poverty-harms-children
 Center on Poverty and Inequality, Georgetown Law. (2020). Measuring Poverty: Why It Matters, & What Should & Should Not Be Done About It, 1-23. https://docs.house.gov/meetings/GO/GO24/20200205/110451/HHRG-116-GO24-Wstate-GuptaI-20200205.pdf
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Poverty Level - Population (age 0-5)
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Poverty Level - Population (age 0-5)
Definitions: Poverty is based on income and family size.
(2005 - 2013) U.S. Bureau of the Census, American Community Survey, 3-year estimates (B17024)
(2014 - current) U.S. Bureau of the Census, American Community Survey, 1-year estimate (B17024)
(2005 - 2013) Six counties - Cameron, Forest, Fulton, Montour, Potter and Sullivan - are not included in 3-year ACS as their population is too small. Percents for those counties use small area (PUMA) figures.
(2014 - current) Single year estimates should not be compared to prior 3-year estimates. The 27 smallest counties are not included in the ACS - Bedford, Bradford, Cameron, Clarion, Clinton, Elk, Forest, Fulton, Greene, Huntingdon, Jefferson, Juniata, McKean, Mifflin, Montour, Perry, Pike, Potter, Snyder, Sullivan, Susquehanna, Tioga, Union, Venango, Warren, Wayne and Wyoming.
Updated November 2021.
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