Kindergarteners whose fall PALS-K scores were below kindergarten readiness levels by race in Virginia

Change Indicator

Data Provided By
Note: Non-consecutive years appear adjacent in the trend line
because one or more years have been deselected.



PALS-K is a measure of children’s knowledge of several important literacy fundamentals: phonological awareness, alphabet recognition, concept of word, knowledge of letter sounds and spelling. PALS-K provides a direct means of matching literacy instruction to specific literacy needs and provides a means of identifying those children who are relatively behind in their acquisition of these fundamental literacy skills. 

AY refers to the academic year. The PALS-K exam is given in the fall of that year. 


Data Source: Virginia Department of Education via UVA Curry School of Education

Footnotes: Last Updated: OCT 2019