Suspensions that are limited to serious offenses, not willful defiance by race/ethnicity in California

Change Indicator

Data Provided By
Note: Non-consecutive years appear adjacent in the trend line
because one or more years have been deselected.

Data Source:

Includes the percentage of students in ninth and eleventh grades who feel highly connected to their school. WestEd analysis of the California Healthy Kids Survey (CHKS), 2011–13 and 2013–15, including estimates by race and ethnicity, which includes the following questions asked to create a composite indicator: “How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statements about your school: I feel close to people at this school; I am happy to be at this school; I feel like I am part of this school; the teachers at this school treat students fairly; I feel safe in my school” (August 2016).  Counties with low participation will not have data because WestEd was unable to obtain reliable estimates. 



An asterisk indicates that data should be interpreted with caution. Asterisks were used to note low number of events (fewer than 10) or unstable data with large confidence intervals. Data or estimates with low numbers and large confidence intervals indicate that a data point may not be a true representation of the larger population.

NA (Not Available)

Data that are not available are noted as NA. The most frequent reasons for using the NA annotation include the unavailability of longitudinal data, data suppression from the original data source due to a low number event, or statistically unstable estimates.