Children who are subject to an investigated report in the United States
Add to your site
Children who are subject to an investigated report
Insert the following HTML into your webpage to add this image.
While working with this code, if you are prompted by your software to convert the code's tags, please select no.
Please note that when you add this code to your HTML program, it may initially appear as though the image is not coming through (i.e., you will see a blank box). Once you post your page to the internet, it will connect to our live site and the image will appear on your site.Change embed width Change map color palette
Images may take a few moments to load before being available to be saved. Thank you for your patience.
How to Save This Image
- 1) Right mouse click on the image
- 2) Select "Save picture as..."
- 3) Save the image to a location on your computer
You may now import this image into Powerpoint, Microsoft Word, or any other program that supports image files.
The text materials contained in this Web site may be used, downloaded, reproduced or reprinted, provided that appropriate acknowledgment appears in all copies and provided that such use, download, reproduction or reprint is for non-commercial or personal use only. The text materials contained in this Web site may not be modified in any way.
All rights in photographs, illustrations, artworks, and other graphic materials are reserved to the Annie E. Casey Foundation and/or the copyright owners. Prior permission to use, reproduce, or reprint any photograph, illustration, artwork, or other graphic material must be obtained from the copyright owner, regardless of the intended use.
How to Cite
Permission to copy, reprint, or otherwise distribute KIDS COUNT data is granted as long as appropriate acknowledgement is given. When citing data from the website, please use: The Annie E. Casey Foundation, KIDS COUNT Data Center, datacenter.kidscount.org
Children who are subject to an investigated report
because one or more years have been deselected.
Child victims are children who are subject to at least one substantiated or indicated maltreatment report. Prior to 2015, children in cases receiving alternative response were included as victims, but from 2015 onwards, these children are not included as victims to align with a change in methodology in the Children's Bureau's Child Maltreatment report. Rates of maltreated children are per 1,000 children under 18 years old. It is important to note that these numbers do not include child victims who did not come to the attention of authorities through a report of maltreatment. Because of this, and because of state differences in policies and practices—including variations in the legal definitions of maltreatment—readers should exercise caution in interpreting trends and in making state-to-state comparisons.
To the extent possible, we use the same definition of substantiation as the Child Maltreatment report. However, unlike many of the tabulations in the report, our analyses examine the number of children who were maltreated, not the number of maltreatment incidents. Since a child can be the subject of more than one maltreatment incident, the numbers of children in each category presented here will be smaller than in the report’s tabulations of incidents. Cases of maltreatment where the victim was not yet born, or was 18 years or older, are not included. State estimates are shown only for states with valid data. In the publicly-available NCANDS file, state names are suppressed on records dealing with child fatalities to protect confidentiality. Among all reported fatalities, some cases had prior investigations (in the same fiscal year) for reported maltreatment, and others did not. Prior to 2010, fatalities were included in our national totals. Beginning in 2010, our national total includes fatalities if they also had a prior investigation report that was not associated with a fatality, but otherwise fatalities are excluded. We made this exclusion because it is not possible in the public-use file to identify which of the children who died also have a record indicating a prior maltreatment investigation, and because we found that this approach yields national totals that are closer to the Children’s Bureau’s estimates (i.e., national totals are more likely to be overestimated when fatalities are included than they are to be underestimated if fatalities are excluded). Due to missing state data, national totals are not provided before 2004. National estimates after 2005 include Puerto Rico.
U.S. Census Bureau. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population by Single Year of Age and Sex for the United States, States, and Puerto Rico Commonwealth: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2020," Vintage 2020.
NCANDS data are used with the permission of Cornell University’s National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect website, http://www.ndacan.cornell.edu. The collector of the original data, the funding agency, NDACAN, Cornell University, and the agents or employees of these institutions bear no responsibility for the analyses or interpretations presented here.
Updated May 2022.
National estimates include cases where the location is unidentified.
N.A. – Data not available.
N.R. - No data are reported.
The Annie E. Casey Foundation
Through its investments in the KIDS COUNT Network and public data, the Annie E. Casey Foundation tracks the well-being of children, youth and families in the United States.Learn More
- KIDS COUNT Data Center
- Annie E. Casey Foundation
- 701 St. Paul Street
- Baltimore, MD 21202