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Infant mortality in the United States

Change Indicator

Infant mortality

Data Provided By
Note: Non-consecutive years appear adjacent in the trend line
because one or more years have been deselected.

Definitions: Deaths occurring to infants under 1 year of age per 1,000 live births.

The data are reported by the place of residence, not the place of death.

Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics.
2003-2019 data: Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Multiple Causes of Death Microdata Files. Births are from the CDC, NCHS, Final Births Microdata Files. 
1999-2002 data: Infant Mortality Statistics from the 1999-2002 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set, National Vital Statistics Reports. Tables A, B.
1996-1998 data: Deaths, Final Data, National Vital Statistics Reports.
1990-1995 data: Advance Report of Final Mortality Statistics, 1990-1995, Monthly Vital Statistics Reports.
Note: Birth Data for the city of Miami and Jacksonville is not available for 2004 and 2005. The National Center for Health Statistics is investigating a possible data error that might have occurred. 

Footnotes: Updated March 2021.
S – NCHS reporting standards not met.
N.A. – Data not available.
Data are provided for the 50 most populous cities according to the most recent Census counts.  Cities for which data is collected may change over time.