Children in poverty (0-17) in Hawaii

Change Indicator

Why This Indicator Matters

Growing up in poverty threatens healthy child development.1 Poverty can negatively impact a child’s cognitive, social, emotional and physical health. The effects of poverty can build over time, with consequences at one stage impeding progress at a later stage. When children experience poverty in early childhood, or when poverty persists over an extended period of time, the consequences can be long-lasting.2

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Children in poverty (0-17)

Data Provided By
Note: Non-consecutive years appear adjacent in the trend line
because one or more years have been deselected.

Definitions: Percent of children under 18 years in families with incomes below the federal poverty level.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates Program, Model-based small area income and poverty estimates for school districts, counties, and states, various years.

Technical Note:
Several data sources are used in producing the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program estimates. Information on data inputs can be found at https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/saipe/guidance/model-input-data.html. For states and counties, comparisons between modeled estimates for two different years, in the 2006-2020 time period are possible for poverty rate of the population ages 0 to 17. Poverty estimates from SAIPE should not be compared with other poverty indicators based on data from the American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Footnotes:

1Engle, Patrice L. and Maureen M. Black. 2008. “The Effect of Poverty on Child Development and Educational Outcomes.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1136(1): 243-256.; KIDS COUNT. 2019. “2019 Kids Count Data Book: State Trends in Child Well-being.” The Annie E. Casey Foundation. Available here: https://www.aecf.org/m/resourcedoc/aecf-2019kidscountdatabook-2019.pdf
2Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne and Greg J. Duncan. 1997. “The Effects of Poverty on Children.” The Future of Children 7(2).; Ratcliffe, Caroline and Signe-Mary McKerman. 2012. “Child Poverty and Its Lasting Consequences.” Washington D.C.: The Urban Institute.