line graph preview image

Children below 250 percent poverty in the United States

Change Indicator

Data Provided By
Note: Non-consecutive years appear adjacent in the trend line
because one or more years have been deselected.

Definitions: The share of children under age 18 who live in families with incomes less than 250 percent of the federal poverty level.

The federal poverty definition consists of a series of thresholds based on family size and composition. In 2019, a 250% poverty threshold for a family of two adults and two children was $64,816. Poverty status is not determined for people in military barracks, institutional quarters, or for unrelated individuals under age 15 (such as foster children).

Data Source: Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Supplementary Survey, 2001 Supplementary Survey, 2002 through 2019 American Community Survey.

Footnotes: Updated December 2020.

S - Estimates suppressed when the confidence interval around the percentage is greater than or equal to 10 percentage points.

N.A. – Data not available.

Data are provided for the 50 most populous cities according to the most recent Census counts.  Cities for which data is collected may change over time.

A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at

Children below 250 percent poverty.