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Youth transitioning out of foster care: Currently employed part- or full-time in the United States

Change Indicator

Data Provided By
Note: Non-consecutive years appear adjacent in the trend line
because one or more years have been deselected.

Definitions: Of young people who were in foster care within 45 days following his/her 17th birthday and completed the NYTD Outcomes baseline or follow-up survey at ages 17, 19, or 21: the number and percent who reported being employed either on a full-time (35 hours or more per week) or part-time (between one and 34 hours per week) basis at the time of data collection.

Data Source: National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD) - Outcomes File, Cohort Age 17 in FY2014, Waves 1-3 (2018) 

Young people who are in foster care within 45 days following their 17th birthday are eligible to complete the NYTD Outcomes baseline survey. Those who complete the survey at 17 are eligible to complete follow up surveys at 19 and 21. Some states choose to sample from their baseline cohort (those who completed the survey at 17) for the follow up waves. Outcomes data in this file are self-reported, and young people may choose to decline to respond to any question in the survey.  

NYTD data are used with the permission of Cornell University’s National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect website, The collector of the original data, the funding agency, NDACAN, Cornell University, and the agents or employees of these institutions bear no responsibility for the analyses or interpretations presented here.

Footnotes: Updated September 2020. 
S - Data suppressed due to a low number of respondents for an individual data point (<10) and/or a low number of overall  respondents from a state/territory (<25). 

The measure for full or part time employment  is the combination of two separate NYTD Outcomes survey questions. One question inquires into the young person's part time employment status and the other questions inquires into the young person's full time employment status. Young people who answered "Yes" to either of these questions were classified as "Yes" for this overall employment measure. Young people who answered "No" to both questions were classified as "No" for this overall employment measure. Young people whose data indicated some combination of "No," "Declined," or "Blank" between these two questions were classified as "Declined or Blank" for this overall employment measure