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Children in kinship care in the United States

Change Indicator

Data Provided By
Note: Non-consecutive years appear adjacent in the trend line
because one or more years have been deselected.

Definitions: Children in kinship care is derived from the relationship to householder items on the Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement.  Children are consider to be in kinship care when all of the following conditions are true: a parent is not present in the household; the child is not a foster child to the householder; the child is not a housemate/ roommate / border with no relatives in the household; the child is not a householder; and the child is not a spouse or unmarried partner of the householder.  The analysis excludes group quarters population.

Data Source: 2017 Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS ASEC) Research File, 2018 CPS ASEC Bridge File, 2019-2020 CPS ASEC. Estimates represent a three-year average.

Data users should exercise caution when comparing estimates from the 2020 CPS ASEC to previous years. The data collection for the 2020 CPS ASEC occurred during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. To protect the health and safety of Census Bureau staff and respondents, interviewing methods were changed, and this led to a lower response rate than in previous years. See the March 2020 CPS ASEC technical documentation for more information.

Footnotes: Updated September 2020.