Selected KIDS COUNT Indicators for County in Michigan

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Total Population (Number)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
9,909,847
9,922,576
9,933,445
9,962,311
9,995,915
Muskegon
Number
172,344
172,790
173,102
173,693
173,588
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
9,909,847
9,922,576
9,933,445
9,962,311
9,995,915
Muskegon
Number
172,344
172,790
173,102
173,693
173,588
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Definitions: The entire population.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, State and County Population Estimates

Footnotes: The latest population estimates are used only for the current year. Estimates for prior years are not revised.

Population Ages 0-17 (Number)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
2,223,790
2,207,304
2,189,505
2,176,649
2,164,668
Muskegon
Number
40,942
40,701
40,717
40,424
40,082
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
2,223,790
2,207,304
2,189,505
2,176,649
2,164,668
Muskegon
Number
40,942
40,701
40,717
40,424
40,082
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Definitions: Population ages 0-17.

Data Source: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st resident population by state, county, age, sex, bridged-race, and Hispanic origin. 

U.S. Census Bureau, The American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, provided by the Office of the State Demographer

Footnotes: The estimates use a model that incorporates information on natural changes such as births and deaths and net migration. Estimates are as of July 1st each year for the state of Michigan and all counties. Prior year’s estimates are not updated.  For the cities of Detroit and Flint, single-year data from the American Community Survey are used.

Population Ages 0-5 (Number)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
686,845
688,381
688,553
689,060
688,327
Muskegon
Number
12,887
12,766
12,879
12,823
12,750
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
686,845
688,381
688,553
689,060
688,327
Muskegon
Number
12,887
12,766
12,879
12,823
12,750
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Definitions: The number of children ages 0-5.

Data Source:

 

National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st resident population by state, county, age, sex, bridged-race, and Hispanic origin. 

U.S. Census Bureau, The American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, provided by the Office of the State Demographer

Footnotes: The estimates use a model that incorporates information on natural changes such as births and deaths and net migration. Estimates are as of July 1st each year for the state of Michigan and all counties. Prior year’s estimates are not updated.  For the cities of Detroit and Flint, single-year data from the American Community Survey are used.

Population Ages 0-4 (Number)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
570,292
571,776
572,608
573,282
572,163
Muskegon
Number
10,596
10,544
10,689
10,617
10,560
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
570,292
571,776
572,608
573,282
572,163
Muskegon
Number
10,596
10,544
10,689
10,617
10,560
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Definitions: Population ages 0-4.

Data Source: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st resident population by state, county, age, sex, bridged-race, and Hispanic origin. 

U.S. Census Bureau, The American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, provided by the Office of the State Demographer

Footnotes: The estimates use a model that incorporates information on natural changes such as births and deaths and net migration. Estimates are as of July 1st each year for the state of Michigan and all counties. Prior year’s estimates are not updated.  For the cities of Detroit and Flint, single-year data from the American Community Survey are used.

Population Ages 5-9 (Number)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
605,417
598,246
592,918
587,969
586,648
Muskegon
Number
11,330
11,334
11,348
11,229
11,142
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
605,417
598,246
592,918
587,969
586,648
Muskegon
Number
11,330
11,334
11,348
11,229
11,142
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Definitions: Population ages 5-9.

Data Source:

 

National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st resident population by state, county, age, sex, bridged-race, and Hispanic origin. 

U.S. Census Bureau, The American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, provided by the Office of the State Demographer

 

Footnotes: The estimates use a model that incorporates information on natural changes such as births and deaths and net migration. Estimates are as of July 1st each year for the state of Michigan and all counties. Prior year’s estimates are not updated.  For the cities of Detroit and Flint, single-year data from the American Community Survey are used.

Population Ages 6-12 (Number)

Location Data Type 2010 2018
Michigan
Number
915,888
838,590
Muskegon
Number
16,650
15,774
Location Data Type 2010 2018
Michigan
Number
915,888
838,590
Muskegon
Number
16,650
15,774
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Definitions: The population of children ages 6-12.

Data Source: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st resident population by state, county, age, sex, bridged-race, and Hispanic origin. 

U.S. Census Bureau, The American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, provided by the Office of the State Demographer


Footnotes: The estimates use a model that incorporates information on natural changes such as births and deaths and net migration. Estimates are as of July 1st each year for the state of Michigan and all counties. Prior year’s estimates are not updated.  For the cities of Detroit and Flint, single-year data from the American Community Survey are used.

Population Ages 10-14 (Number)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
644,361
634,608
625,051
622,193
619,422
Muskegon
Number
11,783
11,628
11,462
11,462
11,372
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
644,361
634,608
625,051
622,193
619,422
Muskegon
Number
11,783
11,628
11,462
11,462
11,372
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Definitions: Population ages 10-14.

Data Source:

 

National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st resident population by state, county, age, sex, bridged-race, and Hispanic origin. 

U.S. Census Bureau, The American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, provided by the Office of the State Demographer

 

Footnotes: The estimates use a model that incorporates information on natural changes such as births and deaths and net migration. Estimates are as of July 1st each year for the state of Michigan and all counties. Prior year’s estimates are not updated.  For the cities of Detroit and Flint, single-year data from the American Community Survey are used.

Population Ages 13-17 (Number)

Location Data Type 2010 2018
Michigan
Number
707,866
637,751
Muskegon
Number
12,563
11,558
Location Data Type 2010 2018
Michigan
Number
707,866
637,751
Muskegon
Number
12,563
11,558
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Definitions: The population of children ages 13-17.

Data Source: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st resident population by state, county, age, sex, bridged-race, and Hispanic origin. 

U.S. Census Bureau, The American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, provided by the Office of the State Demographer

Footnotes: The estimates use a model that incorporates information on natural changes such as births and deaths and net migration. Estimates are as of July 1st each year for the state of Michigan and all counties. Prior year’s estimates are not updated.  For the cities of Detroit and Flint, single-year data from the American Community Survey are used.

Population Ages 15-19 (Number)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
676,633
670,553
668,241
661,340
653,747
Muskegon
Number
11,407
11,237
11,218
11,103
10,862
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
676,633
670,553
668,241
661,340
653,747
Muskegon
Number
11,407
11,237
11,218
11,103
10,862
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Definitions: Population ages 15-19.

Data Source:

 

National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st resident population by state, county, age, sex, bridged-race, and Hispanic origin. 

U.S. Census Bureau, The American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, provided by the Office of the State Demographer

Footnotes: The estimates use a model that incorporates information on natural changes such as births and deaths and net migration. Estimates are as of July 1st each year for the state of Michigan and all counties. Prior year’s estimates are not updated.  For the cities of Detroit and Flint, single-year data from the American Community Survey are used.

Population Ages 18-24 (Number)

Location Data Type 2010 2018
Michigan
Number
976,358
961,939
Muskegon
Number
15,577
14,284
Location Data Type 2010 2018
Michigan
Number
976,358
961,939
Muskegon
Number
15,577
14,284
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Definitions: The population of young adults ages 18-24.

Data Source: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st resident population by state, county, age, sex, bridged-race, and Hispanic origin. 

U.S. Census Bureau, The American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, provided by the Office of the State Demographer


Footnotes: The estimates use a model that incorporates information on natural changes such as births and deaths and net migration. Estimates are as of July 1st each year for the state of Michigan and all counties. Prior year’s estimates are not updated.  For the cities of Detroit and Flint, single-year data from the American Community Survey are used.

Population Ages 0-17 by Race (Number & Percent)

Location Race Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
18,355
18,053
17,823
17,700
17,456
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
78,006
79,448
78,836
80,574
82,742
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
3.5%
3.6%
3.6%
3.7%
3.8%
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
399,603
397,520
393,828
391,572
389,223
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
18.0%
18.0%
18.0%
18.0%
18.0%
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Number
177,599
178,955
180,051
181,047
182,786
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
8.0%
8.1%
8.2%
8.3%
8.4%
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
1,550,227
1,533,328
1,518,967
1,505,756
1,492,461
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
69.7%
69.5%
69.4%
69.2%
68.9%
Michigan
Total
Number
2,223,790
2,207,304
2,189,505
2,176,649
2,164,668
Michigan
Total
Percent
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
408
429
421
409
422
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
1.0%
1.1%
1.0%
1.0%
1.1%
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
342
335
323
338
317
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
8,085
8,094
7,990
7,953
7,840
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
19.7%
19.9%
19.6%
19.7%
19.6%
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Number
3,723
3,804
4,014
3,957
3,998
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
9.1%
9.3%
9.9%
9.8%
10.0%
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
28,384
28,039
27,969
27,767
27,505
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
69.3%
68.9%
68.7%
68.7%
68.6%
Muskegon
Total
Number
40,942
40,701
40,717
40,424
40,082
Muskegon
Total
Percent
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Location Race Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
18,355
18,053
17,823
17,700
17,456
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
78,006
79,448
78,836
80,574
82,742
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
3.5%
3.6%
3.6%
3.7%
3.8%
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
399,603
397,520
393,828
391,572
389,223
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
18.0%
18.0%
18.0%
18.0%
18.0%
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Number
177,599
178,955
180,051
181,047
182,786
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
8.0%
8.1%
8.2%
8.3%
8.4%
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
1,550,227
1,533,328
1,518,967
1,505,756
1,492,461
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
69.7%
69.5%
69.4%
69.2%
68.9%
Michigan
Total
Number
2,223,790
2,207,304
2,189,505
2,176,649
2,164,668
Michigan
Total
Percent
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
408
429
421
409
422
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
1.0%
1.1%
1.0%
1.0%
1.1%
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
342
335
323
338
317
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
8,085
8,094
7,990
7,953
7,840
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
19.7%
19.9%
19.6%
19.7%
19.6%
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Number
3,723
3,804
4,014
3,957
3,998
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
9.1%
9.3%
9.9%
9.8%
10.0%
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
28,384
28,039
27,969
27,767
27,505
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
69.3%
68.9%
68.7%
68.7%
68.6%
Muskegon
Total
Number
40,942
40,701
40,717
40,424
40,082
Muskegon
Total
Percent
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
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Definitions: The number of children ages 0-17 by race, and the percent of the 0-17 total population represented.

Data Source: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st resident population by state, county, age, sex, bridged-race, and Hispanic origin. 

Footnotes: The estimates use a model that incorporates information on natural changes such as births and deaths and net migration. Estimates are as of July 1st each year for the state of Michigan and all counties. Prior year’s estimates are not updated.  

Population Ages 0-5 by Race (Number & Percent)

Location Race Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
5,639
5,570
5,612
5,616
5,561
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
24,457
24,479
23,935
24,805
25,483
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
3.6%
3.6%
3.5%
3.6%
3.7%
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
132,472
133,445
133,241
132,580
132,158
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
19.3%
19.4%
19.4%
19.2%
19.2%
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Number
58,446
57,674
57,678
57,154
57,018
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
8.5%
8.4%
8.4%
8.3%
8.3%
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
465,831
467,213
468,087
468,905
468,107
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
67.8%
67.9%
68.0%
68.0%
68.0%
Michigan
Total
Number
686,845
688,381
688,553
689,060
688,327
Michigan
Total
Percent
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
176
193
200
180
192
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
1.4%
1.5%
1.6%
1.4%
1.5%
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
92
90
99
115
89
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
0.7%
0.7%
0.8%
0.9%
0.7%
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
2,761
2,742
2,731
2,689
2,654
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
21.4%
21.5%
21.2%
21.0%
20.8%
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Number
1,230
1,252
1,334
1,287
1,240
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
9.5%
9.8%
10.4%
10.0%
9.7%
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
8,628
8,489
8,515
8,552
8,575
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
67.0%
66.5%
66.1%
66.7%
67.3%
Muskegon
Total
Number
12,887
12,766
12,879
12,823
12,750
Muskegon
Total
Percent
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Location Race Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
5,639
5,570
5,612
5,616
5,561
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
24,457
24,479
23,935
24,805
25,483
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
3.6%
3.6%
3.5%
3.6%
3.7%
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
132,472
133,445
133,241
132,580
132,158
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
19.3%
19.4%
19.4%
19.2%
19.2%
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Number
58,446
57,674
57,678
57,154
57,018
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
8.5%
8.4%
8.4%
8.3%
8.3%
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
465,831
467,213
468,087
468,905
468,107
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
67.8%
67.9%
68.0%
68.0%
68.0%
Michigan
Total
Number
686,845
688,381
688,553
689,060
688,327
Michigan
Total
Percent
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
176
193
200
180
192
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
1.4%
1.5%
1.6%
1.4%
1.5%
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
92
90
99
115
89
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
0.7%
0.7%
0.8%
0.9%
0.7%
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
2,761
2,742
2,731
2,689
2,654
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
21.4%
21.5%
21.2%
21.0%
20.8%
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Number
1,230
1,252
1,334
1,287
1,240
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
9.5%
9.8%
10.4%
10.0%
9.7%
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
8,628
8,489
8,515
8,552
8,575
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
67.0%
66.5%
66.1%
66.7%
67.3%
Muskegon
Total
Number
12,887
12,766
12,879
12,823
12,750
Muskegon
Total
Percent
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
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Definitions: The number of children ages 0-5 by race, and the percent of the 0-5 total population represented.

Data Source: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st resident population by state, county, age, sex, bridged-race, and Hispanic origin. 

Footnotes: The estimates use a model that incorporates information on natural changes such as births and deaths and net migration. Estimates are as of July 1st each year for the state of Michigan and all counties. Prior year’s estimates are not updated.  

Population Ages 0-8 by Race (Number & Percent)

Location Race Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
8,657
8,504
8,542
8,532
8,442
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
3.6%
3.6%
3.5%
3.6%
3.7%
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
37,829
37,761
36,923
37,667
38,762
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
18.8%
18.8%
19.0%
19.0%
19.0%
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
197,756
198,545
198,289
197,848
197,632
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
8.6%
8.6%
8.6%
8.5%
8.5%
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Number
90,786
89,681
89,381
88,291
88,223
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
68.1%
68.1%
68.1%
68.1%
68.0%
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
716,793
712,747
710,006
708,164
707,664
Michigan
Total
Percent
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Michigan
Total
Number
1,051,821
1,047,238
1,043,141
1,040,502
1,040,723
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
1.2%
1.2%
1.3%
1.3%
1.4%
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
230
248
248
252
264
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
0.7%
0.7%
0.7%
0.8%
0.8%
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
138
131
138
154
146
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
21.0%
21.0%
20.9%
20.8%
20.7%
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
4,132
4,156
4,119
4,067
4,013
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
9.6%
9.6%
10.4%
10.1%
10.1%
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Number
1,888
1,920
2,054
1,981
1,964
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
67.6%
67.6%
66.8%
67.1%
67.1%
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
13,298
13,139
13,190
13,140
13,022
Muskegon
Total
Percent
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Muskegon
Total
Number
19,686
19,594
19,749
19,594
19,409
Location Race Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
0.8%
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
8,657
8,504
8,542
8,532
8,442
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
3.6%
3.6%
3.5%
3.6%
3.7%
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
37,829
37,761
36,923
37,667
38,762
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
18.8%
18.8%
19.0%
19.0%
19.0%
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
197,756
198,545
198,289
197,848
197,632
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
8.6%
8.6%
8.6%
8.5%
8.5%
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Number
90,786
89,681
89,381
88,291
88,223
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
68.1%
68.1%
68.1%
68.1%
68.0%
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
716,793
712,747
710,006
708,164
707,664
Michigan
Total
Percent
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Michigan
Total
Number
1,051,821
1,047,238
1,043,141
1,040,502
1,040,723
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
1.2%
1.2%
1.3%
1.3%
1.4%
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
230
248
248
252
264
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
0.7%
0.7%
0.7%
0.8%
0.8%
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
138
131
138
154
146
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
21.0%
21.0%
20.9%
20.8%
20.7%
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
4,132
4,156
4,119
4,067
4,013
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
9.6%
9.6%
10.4%
10.1%
10.1%
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Number
1,888
1,920
2,054
1,981
1,964
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
67.6%
67.6%
66.8%
67.1%
67.1%
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
13,298
13,139
13,190
13,140
13,022
Muskegon
Total
Percent
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Muskegon
Total
Number
19,686
19,594
19,749
19,594
19,409
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Definitions: The number of children ages 0-8, by race, and the percent of the 0-8 total represented.



Data Source: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st resident population by state, county, age, sex, bridged-race, and Hispanic origin. 

Footnotes: The estimates use a model that incorporates information on natural changes such as births and deaths and net migration. Estimates are as of July 1st each year for the state of Michigan and all counties. Prior year’s estimates are not updated.  

Population Ages 18-24 by Race (Number & Percent)

Location Race Data Type 2018
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
8,243
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
0.9%
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
47,429
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
4.9%
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
159,889
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
16.6%
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Number
67,911
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
7.1%
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
678,467
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
70.5%
Michigan
Total
Number
961,939
Michigan
Total
Percent
NA
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
145
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
1.0%
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
140
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
1.0%
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
2,846
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
19.9%
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Number
1,229
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
8.6%
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
9,924
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
69.5%
Muskegon
Total
Number
14,284
Muskegon
Total
Percent
NA
Location Race Data Type 2018
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
8,243
Michigan
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
0.9%
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
47,429
Michigan
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
4.9%
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
159,889
Michigan
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
16.6%
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Number
67,911
Michigan
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
7.1%
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
678,467
Michigan
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
70.5%
Michigan
Total
Number
961,939
Michigan
Total
Percent
NA
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
145
Muskegon
American Indian or Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
1.0%
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
140
Muskegon
Asian or Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
1.0%
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
2,846
Muskegon
Black or African American, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
19.9%
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Number
1,229
Muskegon
Hispanic or Latino
Percent
8.6%
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Number
9,924
Muskegon
White, Not Hispanic or Latino
Percent
69.5%
Muskegon
Total
Number
14,284
Muskegon
Total
Percent
NA
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Definitions: The number of young adults ages 18-24, by race, and the percent of the 18-24 total represented.

Data Source: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st resident population by state, county, age, sex, bridged-race, and Hispanic origin. 

Footnotes: The estimates use a model that incorporates information on natural changes such as births and deaths and net migration. Estimates are as of July 1st each year for the state of Michigan and all counties. Prior year’s estimates are not updated.  

Children Ages 5-17 Who Are Foreign Born (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
47,611
45,756
45,837
45,826
44,830
Michigan
Percent
2.8%
2.7%
2.8%
2.8%
2.8%
Muskegon
Number
193
209
223
225
203
Muskegon
Percent
0.6%
0.7%
0.7%
0.7%
0.7%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
47,611
45,756
45,837
45,826
44,830
Michigan
Percent
2.8%
2.7%
2.8%
2.8%
2.8%
Muskegon
Number
193
209
223
225
203
Muskegon
Percent
0.6%
0.7%
0.7%
0.7%
0.7%
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Definitions:

The number represents the 5-year average, ending in the year listed, of children ages 5-17 who are foreign born.

The percent is based on the average 5-17 population for that period.

Data Source:

American Community Survey Table B16008.

 

 

Unemployment (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
257,643
237,716
226,544
203,231
201,446
Michigan
Percent
5.4%
4.9%
4.6%
4.1%
4.1%
Muskegon
Number
4,319
4,046
4,232
3,557
3,289
Muskegon
Percent
5.6%
5.2%
5.4%
4.5%
4.3%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
257,643
237,716
226,544
203,231
201,446
Michigan
Percent
5.4%
4.9%
4.6%
4.1%
4.1%
Muskegon
Number
4,319
4,046
4,232
3,557
3,289
Muskegon
Percent
5.6%
5.2%
5.4%
4.5%
4.3%
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Definitions: The average annual number of unemployed workers. The annual rate is based on the average monthly number of persons considered to be in the "workforce" because they are employed or unemployed but are looking and available for work.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Footnotes: The data are not seasonally adjusted. Annual averages for the previous year are pulled in April.

Median Household Income - SAIPE (Number)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
49,755
51,063
52,436
54,840
56,640
Muskegon
Number
42,588
46,709
44,473
48,885
49,960
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
49,755
51,063
52,436
54,840
56,640
Muskegon
Number
42,588
46,709
44,473
48,885
49,960
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Definitions: The median represents the midpoint of household income amounts.

Data Source: U. S. Census Bureau and Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) web site.

Detroit and Flint use the American Community Survey, 1-Yr Estimate, Table B19013 

Footnotes: For 2005, SAIPE switched from the Community Population Survey to the American Community Survey. Results are not comparable with prior years.

Children Ages 0-5 with All Parents in the Labor Force (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
452,784
443,866
441,202
438,639
439,038
Michigan
Percent
66.9%
66.3%
66.4%
66.2%
66.4%
Muskegon
Number
8,802
8,312
8,444
8,414
8,194
Muskegon
Percent
71.8%
70.1%
71.0%
71.0%
67.6%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
452,784
443,866
441,202
438,639
439,038
Michigan
Percent
66.9%
66.3%
66.4%
66.2%
66.4%
Muskegon
Number
8,802
8,312
8,444
8,414
8,194
Muskegon
Percent
71.8%
70.1%
71.0%
71.0%
67.6%
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Definitions:

The number represents the 5 year average, ending in the listed year, of children ages 0-5 in households with all parents in the labor force.

The percent is based on the average population ages 0-5 for those years.

 

Data Source:

American Community Survey Table B23008.

 

Children Ages 0-18 Receiving FIP (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
45,746
39,649
35,448
31,344
28,611
Michigan
Percent
1.9%
1.7%
1.5%
1.4%
1.2%
Muskegon
Number
1,264
1,141
1,076
1,089
1,007
Muskegon
Percent
2.9%
2.7%
2.5%
2.6%
2.4%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
45,746
39,649
35,448
31,344
28,611
Michigan
Percent
1.9%
1.7%
1.5%
1.4%
1.2%
Muskegon
Number
1,264
1,141
1,076
1,089
1,007
Muskegon
Percent
2.9%
2.7%
2.5%
2.6%
2.4%
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Definitions: The number reflects children ages 0-18 receiving assistance in the Family Independence Program (FIP) in December. The percent is based on the population ages 0-18 in the prior year.

Data Source: Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Assistance Payments Statistics (Table 4: Total Federal FIP: Children and Adults by Program). Special run for Detroit and Flint data.



Footnotes: Wexford and Missaukee are combined for 1999-2003. Grand Traverse/Leelanau and Charlevoix/Emmet are combined for 2003.

Children Ages 0-18 Receiving FAP (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
583,158
547,117
509,470
467,188
459,079
Michigan
Percent
24.7%
23.3%
21.9%
20.2%
20.0%
Muskegon
Number
13,922
13,031
12,290
11,470
11,091
Muskegon
Percent
32.3%
30.4%
28.7%
27.0%
26.3%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
583,158
547,117
509,470
467,188
459,079
Michigan
Percent
24.7%
23.3%
21.9%
20.2%
20.0%
Muskegon
Number
13,922
13,031
12,290
11,470
11,091
Muskegon
Percent
32.3%
30.4%
28.7%
27.0%
26.3%
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Why This Indicator Matters

The Michigan Food Assistance Program (FAP), known as SNAP nationally, provides financial assistance to families with low incomes to buy groceries, striving to reduce food insecurity.
show more

Definitions: The number of children ages 0-18 in families active in the Food Assistance Program in December. The percent is based on the population ages 0-18 in the prior year. 

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Assistance Payments Statistics-Table 68. Special run for Detroit and Flint data.

Footnotes: Wexford and Missaukee are combined for 1999-2003. Grand Traverse/Leelanau and Charlevoix/Emmet are combined for 2003.

Children Ages 0-8 Receiving FIP (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
26,731
22,472
20,061
17,605
16,109
Michigan
Percent
2.5%
2.1%
1.9%
1.7%
1.5%
Muskegon
Number
754
663
611
657
576
Muskegon
Percent
3.8%
3.4%
3.1%
3.4%
3.0%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
26,731
22,472
20,061
17,605
16,109
Michigan
Percent
2.5%
2.1%
1.9%
1.7%
1.5%
Muskegon
Number
754
663
611
657
576
Muskegon
Percent
3.8%
3.4%
3.1%
3.4%
3.0%
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Definitions: The number of children ages 0-8 in families active in the Family Independence Program (FIP) in December. The percent is based on the population of children ages 0-8 in the prior year.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Assistance Payments Statistics-Table 67. Special run for Detroit and Flint data.

Footnotes: The percent for Flint, 2015 is not available due to a missing population estimate.

Children Ages 0-8 Receiving FAP (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
310,734
289,876
269,607
247,252
243,167
Michigan
Percent
29.5%
27.7%
25.8%
23.8%
23.4%
Muskegon
Number
7,633
7,029
6,643
6,088
5,884
Muskegon
Percent
38.8%
35.9%
33.6%
31.1%
30.3%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
310,734
289,876
269,607
247,252
243,167
Michigan
Percent
29.5%
27.7%
25.8%
23.8%
23.4%
Muskegon
Number
7,633
7,029
6,643
6,088
5,884
Muskegon
Percent
38.8%
35.9%
33.6%
31.1%
30.3%
Modify Tables: Most Recent Year All Available Years: Raw Data Explore Data >

Why This Indicator Matters

The Michigan Food Assistance Program (FAP), known as SNAP nationally, provides financial assistance to families with low incomes to buy groceries, striving to reduce food insecurity.
show more

Definitions: The number of children ages 0-8 who are in families active for the Food Assistance Program (FAP) in December. The percent is based on the population of children ages 0-8 in the prior year.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Assistance Payments Statistics-Table 68. Special run for Detroit and Flint data.

Footnotes: The percent for Flint, 2015 is not available due to a missing population estimate for Flint, 2015.

Children Ages 0-5 Receiving FIP (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
19,061
15,789
13,987
12,213
11,196
Michigan
Percent
2.8%
2.3%
2.0%
1.8%
1.6%
Muskegon
Number
537
464
414
456
402
Muskegon
Percent
4.2%
3.6%
3.2%
3.6%
3.2%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
19,061
15,789
13,987
12,213
11,196
Michigan
Percent
2.8%
2.3%
2.0%
1.8%
1.6%
Muskegon
Number
537
464
414
456
402
Muskegon
Percent
4.2%
3.6%
3.2%
3.6%
3.2%
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Definitions: The number of children ages 0-5 in families that are active for the Family Independence Program (FIP) in December. The percent is based on the population ages 0-5 in the prior year. 

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Assistance Payments Statistics-Table 67. Special run for Detroit and Flint data.

Footnotes: Combined data for Wexford/Missaukee for 2000-2003; combined data for Grand Traverse/Leelanau and Charlevoix/Emmet for 2003.

Children Ages 0-5 Receiving FAP (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
206,539
192,782
179,467
164,993
162,111
Michigan
Percent
30.1%
28.0%
26.1%
23.9%
23.6%
Muskegon
Number
5,047
4,642
4,429
4,086
3,936
Muskegon
Percent
39.2%
36.4%
34.4%
31.9%
30.9%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
206,539
192,782
179,467
164,993
162,111
Michigan
Percent
30.1%
28.0%
26.1%
23.9%
23.6%
Muskegon
Number
5,047
4,642
4,429
4,086
3,936
Muskegon
Percent
39.2%
36.4%
34.4%
31.9%
30.9%
Modify Tables: Most Recent Year All Available Years: Raw Data Explore Data >

Why This Indicator Matters

The Michigan Food Assistance Program (FAP), known as SNAP nationally, provides financial assistance to families with low incomes to buy groceries, striving to reduce food insecurity.
show more

Definitions: The number of children ages 0-5 in families active for the Food Assistance Program (FAP) in December. The percent is based on the population ages 0-5 in the prior year.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Assistance Payments Statistics-Table 68. Special run for Detroit and Flint data.

Footnotes: Combined data for Wexford/Missaukee for 2000-2004; combined data for Grand Traverse/Leelanau and Charlevoix/Emmet for 2003-04.

Children Ages 0-5 Eligible for Subsidized Care (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
27,343
33,560
41,207
43,015
42,801
Michigan
Percent
4.0%
4.9%
6.0%
6.2%
6.2%
Muskegon
Number
856
1,006
1,156
1,348
1,332
Muskegon
Percent
6.6%
7.9%
9.0%
10.5%
10.4%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
27,343
33,560
41,207
43,015
42,801
Michigan
Percent
4.0%
4.9%
6.0%
6.2%
6.2%
Muskegon
Number
856
1,006
1,156
1,348
1,332
Muskegon
Percent
6.6%
7.9%
9.0%
10.5%
10.4%
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Definitions: The number of children ages 0-5 who are eligible for subsidized child care in December. The percent is based on the population ages 0-5 in the prior year.







Data for 2002-03 are combined for Wexford and Missaukee. Data for 2003 are combined for Grand Traverse and Leelanau and for Charlevoix and Emmet.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Assistance Payment Statistics - Table 69.



Children Ages 0-12 Eligible for Subsidized Care (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
43,641
53,095
65,990
69,409
70,048
Michigan
Percent
2.8%
3.4%
4.3%
4.5%
4.6%
Muskegon
Number
1,441
1,709
2,003
2,251
2,253
Muskegon
Percent
5.0%
5.9%
6.9%
7.8%
7.9%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
43,641
53,095
65,990
69,409
70,048
Michigan
Percent
2.8%
3.4%
4.3%
4.5%
4.6%
Muskegon
Number
1,441
1,709
2,003
2,251
2,253
Muskegon
Percent
5.0%
5.9%
6.9%
7.8%
7.9%
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Definitions: The number of children ages 0-12 who are eligible for subsidized care (December data). The percent is based on the population ages 0-12 in the prior year.







Data for 2002-03 are combined for Wexford and Missaukee. Data for 2003 are combined for Grand Traverse and Leelanau and for Charlevoix and Emmet.



Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Assistance Payment Statistics - Table 69..

Children Ages 0-12 Receiving Subsidized Care (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
30,258
31,322
33,648
34,676
34,790
Michigan
Percent
1.9%
2.0%
2.2%
2.3%
2.3%
Muskegon
Number
1,065
1,132
1,091
1,232
1,099
Muskegon
Percent
3.7%
3.9%
3.8%
4.3%
3.9%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
30,258
31,322
33,648
34,676
34,790
Michigan
Percent
1.9%
2.0%
2.2%
2.3%
2.3%
Muskegon
Number
1,065
1,132
1,091
1,232
1,099
Muskegon
Percent
3.7%
3.9%
3.8%
4.3%
3.9%
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Definitions: The number of children ages 0-12 for whom subsidized child care payments were made in December. The percent is based on the population ages 0-12 in the prior year.







Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Assistance Payment Statistics - Table 41.







Children Ages 0-18 Receiving SSI (Number & Rate)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
46,829
42,753
41,149
38,753
37,788
Michigan
Rate
19.8
18.2
17.7
16.8
16.4
Muskegon
Number
1,268
1,152
1,129
1,109
1,117
Muskegon
Rate
29.4
26.9
26.3
26.1
26.5
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
46,829
42,753
41,149
38,753
37,788
Michigan
Rate
19.8
18.2
17.7
16.8
16.4
Muskegon
Number
1,268
1,152
1,129
1,109
1,117
Muskegon
Rate
29.4
26.9
26.3
26.1
26.5
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Definitions: The number of children ages 0-18 who are receiving SSI as of December of the year listed. The rate is the number per 1,000 children ages 0-18 of the previous year.

Prior to 2004, data are for children ages 0-17.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Bureau of Medicaid Policy and Health System Innovation special run.







Footnotes: Data for Detroit, 2011-2018 were revised on 2/24/2020. An error in the methodology had led to some children being counted multiple times.

Rates for 2004-2016 were revised on 2/13/2019.

Students Receiving Free or Reduced Priced Lunch (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
687,937
679,211
742,922
730,891
733,442
Michigan
Percent
46.1%
45.8%
50.3%
50.0%
50.5%
Muskegon
Number
16,633
15,979
16,960
16,288
16,227
Muskegon
Percent
60.3%
57.6%
61.6%
60.8%
61.2%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
687,937
679,211
742,922
730,891
733,442
Michigan
Percent
46.1%
45.8%
50.3%
50.0%
50.5%
Muskegon
Number
16,633
15,979
16,960
16,288
16,227
Muskegon
Percent
60.3%
57.6%
61.6%
60.8%
61.2%
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Why This Indicator Matters

K-12 students from families with low incomes below 130% of the federal poverty level are eligible for a fully subsidized lunch. Those from families with incomes between 130% and 185% of poverty are eligible for reduced-price lunch. This is commonly used as a proxy for poverty.
show more

Definitions: Students from families with incomes below 185 percent of the poverty level are eligible for free or reduced prices in the federal School Lunch Program. Students from families reporting income between 130 and 185 percent of the federal poverty line are eligible for reduced priced meals, while children from families with incomes below 130 percent of poverty are eligible for a fully subsidized or “free” meal.


The counts represent K12 and ungraded special education students who were eligible through the end of October. The state total is less than the sum of county totals because there is duplication on the district files from which county totals are calculated. The percent is based on total enrollment.


Districts that cross county boundaries are included in the county indicated by the CEPI district code.



Data Source: Michigan Department of Education, Food and Nutrition Services, Office of Nutrition, for 1990-95. Center for Educational Performance Information (CEPI) web site since 1996 (www.michigan.gov/cepi).

Footnotes: In 2006 the methodology changed from school summary reports to a compilation based on the Single Record Student Database (SRSD). Results are not comparable with prior years.


State totals for SY06-07 through SY08-09 were revised in January 2011 to remove duplicates. Detroit totals for those years were revised to include additional charter schools.

Children Ages 0-4 Receiving WIC (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
291,179
280,554
270,784
260,122
253,535
Michigan
Percent
51.1%
49.1%
47.3%
45.4%
44.3%
Muskegon
Number
7,777
7,428
7,174
6,980
6,388
Muskegon
Percent
73.4%
70.4%
67.1%
65.7%
60.5%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
291,179
280,554
270,784
260,122
253,535
Michigan
Percent
51.1%
49.1%
47.3%
45.4%
44.3%
Muskegon
Number
7,777
7,428
7,174
6,980
6,388
Muskegon
Percent
73.4%
70.4%
67.1%
65.7%
60.5%
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Definitions: The number of children who received benefits under the Women, Infants and Children program. The percent is based on the population ages 0-4.











Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Michigan WIC Program.



Families Receiving the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2018
Michigan
Number
729,620
Michigan
Percent
15.1%
Muskegon
Number
15,290
Muskegon
Percent
19.8%
Location Data Type 2018
Michigan
Number
729,620
Michigan
Percent
15.1%
Muskegon
Number
15,290
Muskegon
Percent
19.8%
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Definitions: The number of families who benefit from the Michigan Earned Income Tax Credit. The percentage is based on the total number of tax filers.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Treasury

Children Ages 0-4 Experiencing Homelessness (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2016
Michigan
Number
15,565
Michigan
Percent
4.6%
Muskegon
Number
332
Muskegon
Percent
3.1%
Location Data Type 2016
Michigan
Number
15,565
Michigan
Percent
4.6%
Muskegon
Number
332
Muskegon
Percent
3.1%
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Why This Indicator Matters

It is during the earliest years of life that the very architecture of children’s brains is built in ways that can affect their emotional and cognitive development, as well as their later outcomes in school and life. Trauma such as homelessness can change the makeup of a developing brain, leading to lifelong educational implications before a child even starts school.
show more

Definitions: An estimate of the number of children ages 0-4 who experienced homelessness during the school year.

The estimate of homeless 0-4 year old children in the state is calculated based on 5 Year ACS estimate of the 0-4 population by county and multiplied by the percent homeless for 1st graders by county. This is as accurate an estimate of the 0-4 population that exists, and a very conservative estimate of the 0-4 year old homeless rate.

Data Source:

Poverty Solutions at the University of Michigan

Footnotes:

1. All numbers less than 10 have been redacted in accordance with FERPA

2. The estimate of homeless 0-4 year old children in the state is calculated based on 5 Year ACS estimate of the 0-4 population by county and multiplied by the percent homeless for 1st graders by county. This is as accurate an estimate of the 0-4 population that exists, and a very conservative estimate of the 0-4 year old homeless rate.

3. "Homeless" is defined as the total number of students who experienced homelessness during School Year 2016-17

4. Data by county are based on the address of the school where the student attended for the longest time rather than the address of the student due to the fact that homeless students are highly mobile. All counts and percentages are therefore reflective of students attending school within the counties, but not necessarily living in the county.


NOTE: This research result used data structured and maintained by the MERI-Michigan Education Data Center (MEDC). MEDC data is modified for analysis purposes using rules governed by MEDC and are not identical to those data collected and maintained by the Michigan Department of Education (MDE) and/or Michigan’s Center for Educational Performance and Information (CEPI). Results, information and opinions solely represent the analysis, information and opinions of the author(s) and are not endorsed by, or reflect the views or positions of, grantors, MDE and CEPI or any employee thereof.

Families with High Housing-Cost Burden (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2018
Michigan
Number
1,077,424
Michigan
Percent
27.6%
Muskegon
Number
16,979
Muskegon
Percent
25.9%
Location Data Type 2018
Michigan
Number
1,077,424
Michigan
Percent
27.6%
Muskegon
Number
16,979
Muskegon
Percent
25.9%
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Definitions: The five-year average number of people living in households spending 30 percent or more of their income on housing costs. The percentage is based on total households for that period.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B25106

Poverty - Children Ages 0-17, Single Year (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
492,257
481,421
444,100
416,305
409,201
Michigan
Percent
22.6%
22.2%
20.7%
19.6%
19.3%
Muskegon
Number
10,660
9,288
11,113
8,472
8,567
Muskegon
Percent
26.7%
23.4%
27.9%
21.5%
21.9%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
492,257
481,421
444,100
416,305
409,201
Michigan
Percent
22.6%
22.2%
20.7%
19.6%
19.3%
Muskegon
Number
10,660
9,288
11,113
8,472
8,567
Muskegon
Percent
26.7%
23.4%
27.9%
21.5%
21.9%
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Why This Indicator Matters

Children growing up in poverty ($24,858 for a family of four in 2017) are much more likely than their peers to experience stress and deprivation that hinders health, development and readiness for school, and other developmental outcomes.
show more

Definitions: The number of children ages 0-17 who live below the poverty threshhold. The percent is based on the number of children ages 0-17 for whom poverty status was determined by SAIPE.

Data Source:

For counties - U. S. Census Bureau and Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) web site.

For cities - American Community Survey Table B17001.

Footnotes: For 2005, SAIPE switched from the Community Population Survey to the American Community Survey. Results are not comparable with prior years.

Poverty - Children Ages 5-17, Single Year (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
336,070
330,996
297,400
275,411
278,372
Michigan
Percent
20.8%
20.8%
18.9%
17.7%
17.9%
Muskegon
Number
7,129
6,670
7,296
5,865
6,018
Muskegon
Percent
24.3%
22.8%
25.1%
20.4%
21.0%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
336,070
330,996
297,400
275,411
278,372
Michigan
Percent
20.8%
20.8%
18.9%
17.7%
17.9%
Muskegon
Number
7,129
6,670
7,296
5,865
6,018
Muskegon
Percent
24.3%
22.8%
25.1%
20.4%
21.0%
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Why This Indicator Matters

Children growing up in poverty ($24,858 for a family of four in 2017) are much more likely than their peers to experience stress and deprivation that hinders health, development and readiness for school, and other developmental outcomes.
show more

Definitions: The number of children ages 5-17 who live below the poverty threshhold. The percent is based on the population ages 5-17 for whom poverty status was determined by SAIPE.

Data Source:

For counties - U. S. Census Bureau and Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) web site.

For cities - American Community Survey Table B17001.

Footnotes: For 2005, SAIPE switched from the Community Population Survey to the American Community Survey. Results are not comparable with prior years.

Poverty - All Ages, Single Year (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
1,567,465
1,524,330
1,449,683
1,373,358
1,369,235
Michigan
Percent
16.2%
15.7%
14.9%
14.1%
14.0%
Muskegon
Number
33,197
26,695
31,393
25,478
26,321
Muskegon
Percent
20.0%
16.1%
18.8%
15.2%
15.7%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
1,567,465
1,524,330
1,449,683
1,373,358
1,369,235
Michigan
Percent
16.2%
15.7%
14.9%
14.1%
14.0%
Muskegon
Number
33,197
26,695
31,393
25,478
26,321
Muskegon
Percent
20.0%
16.1%
18.8%
15.2%
15.7%
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Definitions: The number of people living below the poverty threshhold. The percent is based on the population for whom poverty status was determined by SAIPE.































































Data Source:

For counties, U. S. Census Bureau and Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) web site.

For cities - American Community Survey Table B17001.

Footnotes: For 2005, SAIPE switched from the Community Population Survey to the American Community Survey. Results are not comparable with prior years.

Poverty - Children Ages 0-17 (5 year ACS) (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
517,923
507,993
487,300
458,997
437,527
Michigan
Percent
23.3%
23.1%
22.4%
21.3%
20.4%
Muskegon
Number
11,650
10,903
11,270
10,183
9,346
Muskegon
Percent
29.2%
27.5%
28.7%
26.0%
23.9%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
517,923
507,993
487,300
458,997
437,527
Michigan
Percent
23.3%
23.1%
22.4%
21.3%
20.4%
Muskegon
Number
11,650
10,903
11,270
10,183
9,346
Muskegon
Percent
29.2%
27.5%
28.7%
26.0%
23.9%
Modify Tables: Most Recent Year All Available Years: Raw Data Explore Data >

Why This Indicator Matters

Children growing up in poverty ($24,858 for a family of four in 2017) are much more likely than their peers to experience stress and deprivation that hinders health, development and readiness for school, and other developmental outcomes.
show more

Definitions:

The number represents the 5-year average, ending in the year listed, of children ages 0-17 living below the poverty level.

The percent is based on the 5-year average population for ages 0-17.

Data Source:

American Community Survey Table B17006.

 

Poverty Ages 0-17 in Married-Parent Families (5 year ACS) (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
163,700
158,213
151,815
139,881
134,364
Michigan
Percent
11.1%
10.9%
10.6%
9.8%
9.5%
Muskegon
Number
3,339
3,071
3,286
2,547
2,487
Muskegon
Percent
14.0%
12.8%
13.8%
11.0%
10.4%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
163,700
158,213
151,815
139,881
134,364
Michigan
Percent
11.1%
10.9%
10.6%
9.8%
9.5%
Muskegon
Number
3,339
3,071
3,286
2,547
2,487
Muskegon
Percent
14.0%
12.8%
13.8%
11.0%
10.4%
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Definitions:

The number represents the 5-year average, ending in the year listed, of children ages 0-17 who live in married-parent households that are below the poverty level.

The percent is based on the average population 0-17 for that period.

 

Data Source: American Community Survey Table B17006.

Footnotes: Children are determined to be in a married-parent household if the head of household is married. Children living with cohabiting adults that are not married, even if one of those adults is a parent, are considered to be in single-parent households. 

Poverty Ages 0-17, Single-Parent Families (5 year ACS) (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
354,223
349,780
335,485
319,116
303,163
Michigan
Percent
47.1%
46.9%
45.5%
43.8%
42.1%
Muskegon
Number
8,311
7,832
7,984
7,636
6,859
Muskegon
Percent
52.1%
50.3%
51.2%
47.9%
45.0%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
354,223
349,780
335,485
319,116
303,163
Michigan
Percent
47.1%
46.9%
45.5%
43.8%
42.1%
Muskegon
Number
8,311
7,832
7,984
7,636
6,859
Muskegon
Percent
52.1%
50.3%
51.2%
47.9%
45.0%
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Definitions:

The number represents the 5-year average of children ages 0-17 who live in single-parent households that are below the poverty level.

The percent is based on the average population 0-17 for that period.

Data Source: American Community Survey Table B17006.

Poverty Ages 0-17, Single-Parent, Father (5 year ACS) (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
47,867
47,368
43,985
44,539
43,192
Michigan
Percent
29.5%
28.9%
26.8%
26.4%
25.3%
Muskegon
Number
729
754
818
745
752
Muskegon
Percent
25.1%
23.2%
24.7%
20.0%
21.9%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
47,867
47,368
43,985
44,539
43,192
Michigan
Percent
29.5%
28.9%
26.8%
26.4%
25.3%
Muskegon
Number
729
754
818
745
752
Muskegon
Percent
25.1%
23.2%
24.7%
20.0%
21.9%
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Definitions:

The number represents the 5-year average of children ages 0-17 living with their father/related male householder with no spouse present and are below the poverty level.

The percent is based on the average 5-year population ages 0-17.

Data Source: American Community Survey Table B17006.

Poverty Ages 0-17, Single-Parent, Mother (5 year ACS) (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
306,356
302,412
291,500
274,577
259,971
Michigan
Percent
52.0%
52.0%
50.9%
49.1%
47.3%
Muskegon
Number
7,582
7,078
7,166
6,891
6,107
Muskegon
Percent
58.1%
57.5%
58.3%
56.4%
51.8%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
306,356
302,412
291,500
274,577
259,971
Michigan
Percent
52.0%
52.0%
50.9%
49.1%
47.3%
Muskegon
Number
7,582
7,078
7,166
6,891
6,107
Muskegon
Percent
58.1%
57.5%
58.3%
56.4%
51.8%
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Definitions:

The number represents the 5-year average of children ages 0-17 living with their mother/related female household with no spouse present and are below the poverty level.

The percent is based on the average population ages 0-17 for that period.

Data Source: American Community Survey Table B17006.

Households in Poverty & ALICE (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2010 2017
Michigan
Number
1,569,992
1,664,606
Michigan
Percent
41.2%
42.3%
Muskegon
Number
28,390
29,375
Muskegon
Percent
43.1%
45.5%
Location Data Type 2010 2017
Michigan
Number
1,569,992
1,664,606
Michigan
Percent
41.2%
42.3%
Muskegon
Number
28,390
29,375
Muskegon
Percent
43.1%
45.5%
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Definitions: All people who are in households that are either in poverty or determined to be Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed. The percentage is based on the total population during that period.

Data Source: United for Alice

Footnotes: ALICE is a metric developed by United Way to estimate the number of households who earn above the Federal Poverty Level, but not enough to afford a bare-bones household budget. To learn more about methodology, visit: https://www.unitedforalice.org/home

Young Adults in Poverty, Ages 18-24 (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2010 2018
Michigan
Number
235,962
233,090
Michigan
Percent
26.7%
25.9%
Muskegon
Number
4,717
3,276
Muskegon
Percent
31.1%
24.3%
Location Data Type 2010 2018
Michigan
Number
235,962
233,090
Michigan
Percent
26.7%
25.9%
Muskegon
Number
4,717
3,276
Muskegon
Percent
31.1%
24.3%
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Definitions: The five-year average number of 18-24 year olds with income in the past twelve months below the federal poverty level. The percentage is based on the total number of 18-24 year olds during that period.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates, Table B17001.

Children Ages 0-19 Owed Child Support (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
518,690
517,318
511,639
502,975
494,090
Michigan
Percent
20.8%
20.9%
20.8%
20.6%
20.3%
Muskegon
Number
11,787
11,847
11,666
11,829
12,014
Muskegon
Percent
26.1%
26.5%
26.1%
26.6%
27.3%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
518,690
517,318
511,639
502,975
494,090
Michigan
Percent
20.8%
20.9%
20.8%
20.6%
20.3%
Muskegon
Number
11,787
11,847
11,666
11,829
12,014
Muskegon
Percent
26.1%
26.5%
26.1%
26.6%
27.3%
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Definitions: The number of children on support orders for whom child support is owed. The percent is based on the population ages 0-19.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Child Support Enforcement System (MISCES).







Child Support Owed but None Received (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
127,217
122,412
92,125
116,545
112,293
Michigan
Percent
24.5%
23.7%
18.0%
23.2%
22.7%
Muskegon
Number
3,051
2,927
2,318
2,781
2,847
Muskegon
Percent
25.9%
24.7%
19.9%
23.5%
23.7%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
127,217
122,412
92,125
116,545
112,293
Michigan
Percent
24.5%
23.7%
18.0%
23.2%
22.7%
Muskegon
Number
3,051
2,927
2,318
2,781
2,847
Muskegon
Percent
25.9%
24.7%
19.9%
23.5%
23.7%
Modify Tables: Most Recent Year All Available Years: Raw Data Explore Data >

Definitions: The number of children ages 0-19 who were owed child support but received none. The percent is based on the number with support owed. An * indicates fewer than 6 occurrences, so no percent is listed.



Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Child Support Enforcement System (MISCES).



Child Support Owed; Received Less Than 70% of Amount Owed (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
304,661
300,607
263,182
293,952
287,147
Michigan
Percent
58.7%
58.1%
51.4%
58.4%
58.1%
Muskegon
Number
7,425
7,486
6,591
7,477
7,623
Muskegon
Percent
63.0%
63.2%
56.5%
63.2%
63.5%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
304,661
300,607
263,182
293,952
287,147
Michigan
Percent
58.7%
58.1%
51.4%
58.4%
58.1%
Muskegon
Number
7,425
7,486
6,591
7,477
7,623
Muskegon
Percent
63.0%
63.2%
56.5%
63.2%
63.5%
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Definitions: The number of children ages 0-19 who received less than 70% of the Child Support amount owed. The percent is based on the number with support orders. An * indicates fewer than 6 occurrences, so no percent is listed.



Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Child Support Enforcement System (MISCES).



Average Cost of Full-Time Child Care per Month (Percent of Full-Time Minimum Wage) (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2020 2019
Michigan
Number
632
594
Michigan
Percent
37.9%
36.4%
Muskegon
Number
526
521
Muskegon
Percent
31.5%
31.9%
Location Data Type 2020 2019
Michigan
Number
632
594
Michigan
Percent
37.9%
36.4%
Muskegon
Number
526
521
Muskegon
Percent
31.5%
31.9%
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Definitions: The number is the weighted average monthly cost for infants, toddlers, preschoolers, and school-age children in day care centers, group homes and family homes in September of the year listed. The percentage is the cost of child care as a percentage of income from a full-time minimum wage job (40 hrs/wk).

Data Source: Early Childhood Investment Corporation


Footnotes: Data are self-reported by providers and not validated by any third party. Providers have the option to report and data are continually updated on a rolling basis. These data should be considered estimates as not all provider cost data are included.


Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, in 2020 there was a drop in providers overall and of those reporting cost data. Caution should be taken when comparing 2020 data to other years.

Special Education Ages 0-26 (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
205,468
206,317
207,315
208,525
210,467
Michigan
Percent
13.8%
13.9%
14.0%
14.3%
14.5%
Muskegon
Number
3,684
3,809
3,922
4,034
4,115
Muskegon
Percent
13.4%
13.7%
14.2%
15.0%
15.5%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
205,468
206,317
207,315
208,525
210,467
Michigan
Percent
13.8%
13.9%
14.0%
14.3%
14.5%
Muskegon
Number
3,684
3,809
3,922
4,034
4,115
Muskegon
Percent
13.4%
13.7%
14.2%
15.0%
15.5%
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Definitions: The count of special education students ages 0-26. The percent is based on total enrollment.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Education, Office of Special Education & Early Intervention Services - for county level data. Center for Educational Performance and Information, MiSchool Data, Special Education Enrollment count for Detroit and Flint (charters included).

Total enrollment is from Center for Educational Performance and Information, MiSchool Data, Free and Reduced Lunch file.

Footnotes: Detroit data for 2005-08 were revised in October 2010 to include all charter schools.

Flint data for 2016 were revised on 7/17/2019 to include all charter schools.

Children Receiving Early On Services by ISD, ages 0-2 (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2018
Michigan
Number
11,025
Michigan
Percent
3.3%
Muskegon
Number
340
Muskegon
Percent
5.4%
Location Data Type 2018
Michigan
Number
11,025
Michigan
Percent
3.3%
Muskegon
Number
340
Muskegon
Percent
5.4%
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Definitions:

 

The number of children ages 0-2 who were enrolled in Early On in the fall of the year listed. The percentage is based on the estimated three-year births as provided by the data source. These data are reported by the Intermediate School District (ISD).

 

Data Source:

Source: Michigan Department of Education


 

Footnotes: County to Intermediate School District Key:

County

ISD Name

Michigan

All ISDs in the state

Alcona

Alpena-Montmorency-Alcona ESD

Alger

Marquette-Alger RESA

Allegan

Allegan Area Educational Service Agency

Alpena

Alpena-Montmorency-Alcona ESD

Antrim

Traverse Bay Area ISD

Arenac

Bay-Arenac ISD

Baraga

Copper Country ISD

Barry

Barry ISD

Bay

Bay-Arenac ISD

Benzie

Traverse Bay Area ISD

Berrien

Berrien RESA

Branch

Branch ISD

Calhoun

Calhoun Intermediate School District

Cass

Lewis Cass ISD

Charlevoix

Charlevoix-Emmet ISD

Cheboygan

Cheb-Otsego-Presque Isle ESD

Chippewa

Eastern Upper Peninsula ISD

Clare

Clare-Gladwin Regional Education Service District

Clinton

Clinton County RESA

Crawford

C.O.O.R. ISD

Delta

Delta-Schoolcraft ISD

Dickinson

Dickinson-Iron ISD

Eaton

Eaton RESA

Emmet

Charlevoix-Emmet ISD

Genesee

Genesee ISD

Gladwin

Clare-Gladwin Regional Education Service District

Gogebic

Gogebic-Ontonagon ISD

Grand Traverse

Traverse Bay Area ISD

Gratiot

Gratiot-Isabella RESD

Hillsdale

Hillsdale ISD

Houghton

Copper Country ISD

Huron

Huron ISD

Ingham

Ingham ISD

Ionia

Ionia ISD

Iosco

Iosco RESA

Iron

Dickinson-Iron ISD

Isabella

Gratiot-Isabella RESD

Jackson

Jackson ISD

Kalamazoo

Kalamazoo RESA

Kalkaska

Traverse Bay Area ISD

Kent

Kent ISD

Keweenaw

Copper Country ISD

Lake

West Shore Educational Service District

Lapeer

Lapeer ISD

Leelanau

Traverse Bay Area ISD

Lenawee

Lenawee ISD

Livingston

Livingston ESA

Luce

Eastern Upper Peninsula ISD

Mackinac

Eastern Upper Peninsula ISD

Macomb

Macomb ISD

Manistee

Manistee ISD

Marquette

Marquette-Alger RESA

Mason

West Shore Educational Service District

Mecosta

Mecosta-Osceola ISD

Menominee

Menominee ISD

Midland

Midland County Educational Service Agency

Missaukee

Wexford-Missaukee ISD

Monroe

Monroe ISD

Montcalm

Montcalm Area ISD

Montmorency

Alpena-Montmorency-Alcona ESD

Muskegon

Muskegon Area ISD

Newaygo

Newaygo County RESA

Oakland

Oakland Schools

Oceana

West Shore Educational Service District

Ogemaw

C.O.O.R. ISD

Ontonagon

Gogebic-Ontonagon ISD

Osceola

Mecosta-Osceola ISD

Oscoda

C.O.O.R. ISD

Otsego

Cheb-Otsego-Presque Isle ESD

Ottawa

Ottawa Area ISD

Presque Isle

Cheb-Otsego-Presque Isle ESD

Roscommon

C.O.O.R. ISD

Saginaw

Saginaw ISD

St. Clair

St. Clair County RESA

St. Joseph

St. Joseph County ISD

Sanilac

Sanilac ISD

Schoolcraft

Delta-Schoolcraft ISD

Shiawassee

Shiawassee Regional ESD

Tuscola

Tuscola ISD

Van Buren

Van Buren ISD

Washtenaw

Washtenaw ISD

Wayne

Wayne RESA

Wexford

Wexford-Missaukee ISD

Children Ages 0-5 in Special Education (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
25,087
25,958
26,617
27,287
28,362
Michigan
Percent
3.7%
3.6%
3.9%
4.0%
4.1%
Muskegon
Number
526
576
606
704
774
Muskegon
Percent
4.1%
3.8%
4.7%
5.5%
6.1%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
25,087
25,958
26,617
27,287
28,362
Michigan
Percent
3.7%
3.6%
3.9%
4.0%
4.1%
Muskegon
Number
526
576
606
704
774
Muskegon
Percent
4.1%
3.8%
4.7%
5.5%
6.1%
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Definitions: The number of children ages 0-5 who are in Special Education. The percent is based on the population ages 0-5.



Data Source: Michigan Department of Education

Children Ages 3-4 Not in Preschool (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
125,993
125,713
124,771
123,617
124,055
Michigan
Percent
52.7%
52.6%
52.7%
52.9%
52.9%
Muskegon
Number
2,144
2,170
2,527
2,892
2,909
Muskegon
Percent
52.4%
51.8%
53.9%
60.4%
61.0%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
125,993
125,713
124,771
123,617
124,055
Michigan
Percent
52.7%
52.6%
52.7%
52.9%
52.9%
Muskegon
Number
2,144
2,170
2,527
2,892
2,909
Muskegon
Percent
52.4%
51.8%
53.9%
60.4%
61.0%
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Why This Indicator Matters

Children who participate in high-quality preschool programs are more likely to be socially and cognitively ready for kindergarten.
show more

Definitions:

The number represents the average number of children ages 3-4 who were not enrolled in a preschool program for the 5 year period ending with the listed year.

The percent is based on the average population ages 3-4 for that time period.

 

 

Data Source: American Community Survey Table B14003.

Footnotes: Percents for counts fewer than six are suppressed for statistical reliability.

High School Dropouts (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
11,176
10,865
10,486
10,668
10,115
Michigan
Percent
9.1%
8.9%
8.6%
8.7%
8.4%
Muskegon
Number
216
191
168
165
196
Muskegon
Percent
9.9%
9.0%
7.9%
8.0%
9.6%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
11,176
10,865
10,486
10,668
10,115
Michigan
Percent
9.1%
8.9%
8.6%
8.7%
8.4%
Muskegon
Number
216
191
168
165
196
Muskegon
Percent
9.9%
9.0%
7.9%
8.0%
9.6%
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Definitions: The number of students in the four-year cohort who have not graduated and either have left school permanently or whose whereabouts are unknown. The percent is based on the cohort.

Some county totals include virtual schools whose students come from many counties, so their rates could be inflated. The counties most affected are Berrien, Clinton, Leelanau, Manistee and Montcalm.

Districts that cross county boundaries are included in the county indicated by the CEPI district code.

Data Source: Center for Educational Performance Information (CEPI).

Footnotes: Percents are suppressed if fewer than six students dropped out for statistical reliability.

The 2008 data for Hillsdale, Manistee and Tuscola are omitted due to data anomolies that compromised the county averages.

Students Not Graduating On Time (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
24,771
24,823
24,035
23,661
22,480
Michigan
Percent
20.2%
20.4%
19.8%
19.4%
18.6%
Muskegon
Number
519
512
508
416
402
Muskegon
Percent
23.7%
24.1%
23.8%
20.1%
19.6%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
24,771
24,823
24,035
23,661
22,480
Michigan
Percent
20.2%
20.4%
19.8%
19.4%
18.6%
Muskegon
Number
519
512
508
416
402
Muskegon
Percent
23.7%
24.1%
23.8%
20.1%
19.6%
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Why This Indicator Matters

Students who graduate with their cohort within four years are more likely to be better prepared for postsecondary education or training.
show more

Definitions:

The number reflects students who did not graduate within 4 years of entering ninth grade. The perccent is based on the cohort that entered ninth grade 4 years earlier. The on-time graduation rate is 100 minus this percent.

Some county totals include virtual schools whose students come from many counties, so their rates could be inflated. The counties most affected are Berrien, Clinton, Leelanau, Manistee and Montcalm.


Districts that cross county boundaries are included in the county indicated by the CEPI district code.

Data Source: Center for Educational Performance Information (CEPI).

Footnotes: If fewer than six students did not graduate on time, percents are suppressed for statistical reliability.

On-Time High School Graduation (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
97,773
97,146
97,218
98,583
98,470
Michigan
Percent
79.8%
79.6%
80.2%
80.6%
81.4%
Muskegon
Number
1,670
1,610
1,630
1,655
1,648
Muskegon
Percent
76.3%
75.9%
76.2%
79.9%
80.4%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
97,773
97,146
97,218
98,583
98,470
Michigan
Percent
79.8%
79.6%
80.2%
80.6%
81.4%
Muskegon
Number
1,670
1,610
1,630
1,655
1,648
Muskegon
Percent
76.3%
75.9%
76.2%
79.9%
80.4%
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Why This Indicator Matters

Students who graduate with their cohort within four years are more likely to be better prepared for postsecondary education or training.
show more

Definitions:

The number represents students who graduated four years after entering 9th grade. The percent is based on the cohort of students entering 9th grade four years earlier.

The county is based on the first two digits of the five digit district code.

Some county totals include virtual schools whose students come from many counties, so this can lower their graduation rates. The counties most affected are Berrien, Clinton, Leelanau, Manistee and Montcalm.

Data Source: Center for Educational Performance and Information, Michigan Department of Educaiton.

Students Not College Ready (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
67,878
68,944
68,757
67,856
Michigan
Percent
65.1%
65.1%
65.4%
66.2%
Muskegon
Number
1,265
1,245
1,322
1,273
Muskegon
Percent
74.2%
72.2%
76.3%
76.0%
Location Data Type 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
67,878
68,944
68,757
67,856
Michigan
Percent
65.1%
65.1%
65.4%
66.2%
Muskegon
Number
1,265
1,245
1,322
1,273
Muskegon
Percent
74.2%
72.2%
76.3%
76.0%
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Why This Indicator Matters

Students who meet the college readiness benchmarks are more likely to successfully complete entry-level college requirements without remediation courses. Being college ready at the start of college increases the likelihood of postsecondary graduation.
show more

Definitions: The number reflects eleventh-graders whose performance on the 2017 College Board SAT in the subjects of Evidence-Based Reading and Writing and Mathematics that did not meet the college readiness benchmarks in one or both of the subjects.

The percentage is based on the number of eleventh-graders whose SAT test scores were included in the report. The SAT College Readiness data are based on the SAT with essay administration completed during the Michigan Merit Examination in the spring of grade 11.

Prior to the 2015-16 school year the ACT College Readiness examination was used to measure the proficiency of high school students in English, mathematics, reading, and science.


Data Source:
Source: Michigan Department of Education

Footnotes: In September 2018, new disclosure avoidance rules were applied to college readiness data. As a result, districts with fewer than ten test-takers, or where the number of students not meeting college readiness was suppressed, were excluded from analysis. County and city totals are estimations that may exclude some districts, and careful consideration should be taken when comparing data across years due to the changes in data disclosure.

Teens Not in School or Working, Ages 16-19 (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2018
Michigan
Number
36,914
Michigan
Percent
6.9%
Muskegon
Number
629
Muskegon
Percent
7.3%
Location Data Type 2018
Michigan
Number
36,914
Michigan
Percent
6.9%
Muskegon
Number
629
Muskegon
Percent
7.3%
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Definitions: Teens ages 16-19 who are not enrolled in school and are either unemployed or not in the labor force for the five-year average ending in the year listed.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B14005


M-STEP - Students Not Proficient in Grade 3 English Language Arts (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
53,535
58,311
58,277
56,872
55,336
Michigan
Percent
49.9%
54.0%
55.9%
55.6%
54.9%
Muskegon
Number
1,176
1,209
1,178
1,208
1,178
Muskegon
Percent
57.1%
57.6%
60.0%
62.3%
61.4%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
53,535
58,311
58,277
56,872
55,336
Michigan
Percent
49.9%
54.0%
55.9%
55.6%
54.9%
Muskegon
Number
1,176
1,209
1,178
1,208
1,178
Muskegon
Percent
57.1%
57.6%
60.0%
62.3%
61.4%
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Why This Indicator Matters

After third grade, students read to learn rather than learn to read, making third-grade reading proficiency an important benchmark of future academic outcomes, such as high school graduation and long-term economic security.
show more

Definitions: The count is the number of students who did not meet standards on the English Language Arts section of the Michigan Student Test of Educational Progress (M-STEP). The percent is based on the number of test-takers.

Data are from Spring of the year indicated.

The Michigan Student Test of Educational Progress (M-STEP) results cannot be compared with prior years' Michigan Educational Assessment Program (MEAP) results.

Districts that cross county boundaries are included in the county indicated by the CEPI district code.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Education, Center for Educational Performance and Information.

Footnotes: In September 2018, new disclosure avoidance rules were applied to M-STEP data. As a result, districts with fewer than ten test-takers, or where the number of students not meeting proficiency was suppressed, were excluded from analysis. County and city totals are estimations that may exclude some districts, and careful consideration should be taken when comparing data across years due to the changes in data disclosure.

County totals do not add up to the statewide total due to districts that are not included in county estimations. The statewide total does include all districts.

M-STEP - Students Not Proficient in Grade 4 English Language Arts (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
56,626
57,675
60,137
57,625
55,435
Michigan
Percent
53.4%
53.7%
55.8%
55.0%
54.2%
Muskegon
Number
1,195
1,236
1,320
1,148
1,125
Muskegon
Percent
59.5%
60.9%
64.0%
60.3%
60.2%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
56,626
57,675
60,137
57,625
55,435
Michigan
Percent
53.4%
53.7%
55.8%
55.0%
54.2%
Muskegon
Number
1,195
1,236
1,320
1,148
1,125
Muskegon
Percent
59.5%
60.9%
64.0%
60.3%
60.2%
Modify Tables: Most Recent Year All Available Years: Raw Data Explore Data >

Definitions: The count is the number of students who did not meet standards on the English Language Arts section of the Michigan Student Test of Educational Progress (M-STEP). The percent is based on the number of test-takers.

Data are from Spring of the year indicated.

The Michigan Student Test of Educational Progress (M-STEP) results cannot be compared with prior years' Michigan Educational Assessment Program (MEAP) results.

The count is the number of fourth graders who did not meet standards on the English Language Arts section of the Michigan Student Test of Educational Progress (M-STEP). The percent is based on the number of test-takers. Districts that cross county boundaries are included in the county indicated by the CEPI district code.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Education, Center for Educational Performance Information.

Footnotes: In September 2018, new disclosure avoidance rules were applied to M-STEP data. As a result, districts with fewer than ten test-takers, or where the number of students not meeting proficiency was suppressed, were excluded from analysis. County and city totals are estimations that may exclude some districts, and careful consideration should be taken when comparing data across years due to the changes in data disclosure.

County totals do not add up to the statewide total because of districts that are excluded in the county estimations. The statewide total does include all districts.

M-STEP - Students Not Proficient in Grade 8 Math (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
75,854
73,364
72,657
74,265
Michigan
Percent
67.8%
67.3%
66.5%
67.3%
Muskegon
Number
1,601
1,407
1,451
1,422
Muskegon
Percent
78.7%
74.0%
72.7%
76.1%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
75,854
73,364
72,657
74,265
Michigan
Percent
67.8%
67.3%
66.5%
67.3%
Muskegon
Number
1,601
1,407
1,451
1,422
Muskegon
Percent
78.7%
74.0%
72.7%
76.1%
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Why This Indicator Matters

Proficiency in math by the end of middle school prepares students for high school math courses, increasing chances of graduation and development of basic math skills for adulthood.
show more

Definitions: The count is the number of students who did not meet standards on the mathematics section of the Michigan Student Test of Educational Progress (M-STEP). The percent is based on the number of test-takers.

Data are from Spring of the year indicated.

The Michigan Student Test of Educational Progress (M-STEP) results cannot be compared with prior years' Michigan Educational Assessment Program (MEAP) results.


Districts that cross county boundaries are included in the county indicated by the CEPI district code. 

Data Source: Michigan Department of Education, Center for Educational Performance Information (CEPI).

Footnotes: County data for 2018 (SY17-18) were revised on 10/7/2019. Incorrect district codes had resulted in incorrect counts for some counties.

In September 2018, new disclosure avoidance rules were applied to M-STEP data. As a result, districts with fewer than ten test-takers, or where the number of students not meeting proficiency was suppressed, were excluded from analysis. County and city totals are estimations that may exclude some districts, and careful consideration should be taken when comparing data across years due to the changes in data disclosure.

PSAT - Students Proficient or Advanced in Grade 8 Math (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2019
Michigan
Number
44,565
Michigan
Percent
41.4%
Muskegon
Number
667
Muskegon
Percent
34.4%
Location Data Type 2019
Michigan
Number
44,565
Michigan
Percent
41.4%
Muskegon
Number
667
Muskegon
Percent
34.4%
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Definitions: The number of eighth-grade students scoring proficient or above on the PSAT 8/9 in mathematics. Test scores are from the spring of the year listed.

Districts that cross county boundaries are included in the county indicated by the CEPI district code. 

Data Source: Michigan Department of Education, Center for Educational Performance Information (CEPI).

Footnotes: The PSAT 8/9 replaced the M-STEP ELA and Mathematics assessment in grade 8 and is included in Michigan's accountability system along with the grade 8 M-STEP science and social studies.

Due to disclosure avoidance rules, districts with fewer than ten test-takers, or where the number of students not meeting proficiency was suppressed, were excluded from analysis. County and city totals are estimations that may exclude some districts, and careful consideration should be taken when comparing data across years.

Children Ages 5-17 Living Where English is Not the Language Spoken At Home (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
168,992
170,263
170,402
170,164
171,000
Michigan
Percent
10.0%
10.2%
10.3%
10.4%
10.5%
Muskegon
Number
1,426
1,137
952
1,050
1,005
Muskegon
Percent
4.6%
3.7%
3.2%
3.5%
3.4%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
168,992
170,263
170,402
170,164
171,000
Michigan
Percent
10.0%
10.2%
10.3%
10.4%
10.5%
Muskegon
Number
1,426
1,137
952
1,050
1,005
Muskegon
Percent
4.6%
3.7%
3.2%
3.5%
3.4%
Modify Tables: Most Recent Year All Available Years: Raw Data Explore Data >

Definitions:

The number represents the 5-year average, ending in the year listed, of children ages 5-17 who live in households where English is not spoken.

The percent is based on the population ages 5-17 during that period.

 

Data Source: American Community Survey Table B16008.

Children 5-17, English Not Spoken at Home, Speak English "Less Than Very Well" (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
34,970
33,653
32,990
32,808
32,259
Michigan
Percent
20.7%
19.8%
19.4%
19.3%
18.9%
Muskegon
Number
288
208
223
233
158
Muskegon
Percent
20.2%
18.3%
23.4%
22.2%
15.7%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
34,970
33,653
32,990
32,808
32,259
Michigan
Percent
20.7%
19.8%
19.4%
19.3%
18.9%
Muskegon
Number
288
208
223
233
158
Muskegon
Percent
20.2%
18.3%
23.4%
22.2%
15.7%
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Definitions:

The number represents the 5-year average, ending in the year listed, of children who live in households where English is not spoken and who speak English "less than very well".

The percent is based on the average population, for that period, of children ages 5-17 living in households where English is not spoken.

 

 

 

Data Source: American Community Survey Table B16008.

Children 0-17 Living in High Poverty Areas (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
382,606
371,659
369,445
323,870
305,129
Michigan
Percent
17.1%
16.8%
16.9%
15.0%
14.2%
Muskegon
Number
10,445
9,241
11,619
9,216
6,464
Muskegon
Percent
26.0%
23.2%
29.4%
23.4%
16.4%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
382,606
371,659
369,445
323,870
305,129
Michigan
Percent
17.1%
16.8%
16.9%
15.0%
14.2%
Muskegon
Number
10,445
9,241
11,619
9,216
6,464
Muskegon
Percent
26.0%
23.2%
29.4%
23.4%
16.4%
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Definitions:

The number represents the 5-year average, ending in the year listed, of children ages 0-17 who live in census tracts with poverty rates of 30% or higher.

The percent is based on the average 0-17 population for that period.

 

Data Source:

American Community Survey Table S1701.

 

Children 0-17 in Married-Parent Families (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
1,469,694
1,450,711
1,436,296
1,425,045
1,421,658
Michigan
Percent
66.2%
66.1%
66.1%
66.2%
66.4%
Muskegon
Number
23,931
24,027
23,731
23,202
23,800
Muskegon
Percent
60.0%
60.7%
60.3%
59.3%
61.0%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
1,469,694
1,450,711
1,436,296
1,425,045
1,421,658
Michigan
Percent
66.2%
66.1%
66.1%
66.2%
66.4%
Muskegon
Number
23,931
24,027
23,731
23,202
23,800
Muskegon
Percent
60.0%
60.7%
60.3%
59.3%
61.0%
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Definitions:

The number represents the 5-year average, ending in the year listed, of children 0-17 who live in households with two parents who are married.

The percent is based on the average population 0-17 for that period.

Data Source:

American Community Survey Table B17006.

 

Footnotes: Children are determined to be in a married-parent household if the head of household is married. Children living with cohabiting adults that are not married, even if one of those adults is a parent, are considered to be in single-parent households. 

Children Ages 0-17 in Single-Parent Families (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
751,508
745,214
736,723
727,831
720,114
Michigan
Percent
33.8%
33.9%
33.9%
33.8%
33.6%
Muskegon
Number
15,964
15,558
15,602
15,934
15,230
Muskegon
Percent
40.0%
39.3%
39.7%
40.7%
39.0%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
751,508
745,214
736,723
727,831
720,114
Michigan
Percent
33.8%
33.9%
33.9%
33.8%
33.6%
Muskegon
Number
15,964
15,558
15,602
15,934
15,230
Muskegon
Percent
40.0%
39.3%
39.7%
40.7%
39.0%
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Definitions:

The number represents the 5-year average, ending in the year listed, of children ages 0-17 who live in households headed by one parent who is not married.

The percent is based on the average population 0-17 for that period.

Data Source: American Community Survey Table B17006.

Children Ages 0-17 in Single-Parent (Father) Households (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
162,042
163,993
164,263
168,633
170,873
Michigan
Percent
7.3%
7.5%
7.6%
7.8%
8.0%
Muskegon
Number
2,904
3,253
3,312
3,716
3,434
Muskegon
Percent
7.3%
8.2%
8.4%
9.5%
8.8%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
162,042
163,993
164,263
168,633
170,873
Michigan
Percent
7.3%
7.5%
7.6%
7.8%
8.0%
Muskegon
Number
2,904
3,253
3,312
3,716
3,434
Muskegon
Percent
7.3%
8.2%
8.4%
9.5%
8.8%
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Definitions:

The number represents the 5-year average, ending in the year listed, of children ages 0-17 living with their father/related male householder with no spouse present.

The percent is based on the average 0-17 population for that period.

 

Data Source: American Community Survey Table B17006.

Children Ages 0-17 in Single-Parent (Mother) Households (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
589,466
581,221
572,460
559,198
549,241
Michigan
Percent
26.5%
26.5%
26.3%
26.0%
25.6%
Muskegon
Number
13,060
12,305
12,290
12,218
11,796
Muskegon
Percent
32.7%
31.1%
31.2%
31.2%
30.2%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
589,466
581,221
572,460
559,198
549,241
Michigan
Percent
26.5%
26.5%
26.3%
26.0%
25.6%
Muskegon
Number
13,060
12,305
12,290
12,218
11,796
Muskegon
Percent
32.7%
31.1%
31.2%
31.2%
30.2%
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Definitions:

The number represents the 5-year average of children ages 0-17 living with their mother/related female household with no spouse present.

The percent is based on the average 0-17 population for that period.

Data Source: American Community Survey Table B17006.

Children With Internet at Home (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2018
Michigan
Number
1,920,422
Michigan
Percent
87.7%
Muskegon
Number
34,237
Muskegon
Percent
84.6%
Location Data Type 2018
Michigan
Number
1,920,422
Michigan
Percent
87.7%
Muskegon
Number
34,237
Muskegon
Percent
84.6%
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Definitions: The five-year average number of children ages 0-17 with internet at home. The percentage is based on the five-year average population of children ages 0-17.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, Table B28005

Footnotes: Children are determined to have internet at home if they have any type of computer in the household and either a dial-up or broadband internet subscription.

Total Births (Number)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
113,633
113,801
113,682
112,697
111,658
Muskegon
Number
2,096
2,099
2,099
2,113
2,103
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
113,633
113,801
113,682
112,697
111,658
Muskegon
Number
2,096
2,099
2,099
2,113
2,103
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Definitions: The number of live births to Michigan women. The city and county indicate the mother's residence.



Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: These data are based on three-year averages, with the latest year listed. Births by county and city are based on the mother’s residence.

County data and data for the cities of Detroit and Flint were corrected for 2008-2015 on 2/5/2019.

Data for all other cities were revised for 2008-2015 on 4/1/2019. 

Births to Teens Under Age 20 (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
7,993
7,131
6,428
5,871
5,429
Michigan
Percent
7.0%
6.3%
5.7%
5.2%
4.9%
Muskegon
Number
205
191
169
159
160
Muskegon
Percent
9.8%
9.1%
8.1%
7.5%
7.6%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
7,993
7,131
6,428
5,871
5,429
Michigan
Percent
7.0%
6.3%
5.7%
5.2%
4.9%
Muskegon
Number
205
191
169
159
160
Muskegon
Percent
9.8%
9.1%
8.1%
7.5%
7.6%
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Definitions: The total number of live births to teens under age 20. The percent is based on total live births. An * indicates fewer than 6 occurrences over the three-year period.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: These data are based on three-year averages, with the latest year listed. Births by county and city are based on the mother’s residence.

County-level and data for Detroit and Flint were updated for the years 2008-2016 on 2/21/2019.

City data for 2008-2016 were updated on 3/27/2019.

Repeat Teen Births Ages 15-19 (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
1,327
1,203
1,112
990
895
Michigan
Percent
16.8%
17.0%
17.5%
17.0%
16.6%
Muskegon
Number
32
33
28
25
26
Muskegon
Percent
16.0%
17.5%
16.5%
15.7%
16.2%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
1,327
1,203
1,112
990
895
Michigan
Percent
16.8%
17.0%
17.5%
17.0%
16.6%
Muskegon
Number
32
33
28
25
26
Muskegon
Percent
16.0%
17.5%
16.5%
15.7%
16.2%
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Definitions: The total number of second or third births to teens. The percent is based on births to mothers aged 15-19. An * indicates fewer than six occurrences.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: These data are based on three-year averages, with the latest year listed. Births by county and city are based on the mother’s residence.

County data and data for the cities of Detroit and Flint were revised for 2008-2015 on 3/12/2019.

Births to Unwed Mothers (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
48,438
48,534
48,162
47,490
46,636
Michigan
Percent
42.6%
42.6%
42.4%
42.1%
41.8%
Muskegon
Number
1,127
1,137
1,124
1,140
1,144
Muskegon
Percent
53.8%
54.2%
53.5%
54.0%
54.4%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
48,438
48,534
48,162
47,490
46,636
Michigan
Percent
42.6%
42.6%
42.4%
42.1%
41.8%
Muskegon
Number
1,127
1,137
1,124
1,140
1,144
Muskegon
Percent
53.8%
54.2%
53.5%
54.0%
54.4%
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Definitions: The total number of live births to unwed mothers. The percent is based on total live births. An * indicates fewer than six occurrences over a three-year period.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: These data are based on three-year averages, with the latest year listed. Births by county and city are based on the mother’s residence.

County data and data for the cities of Detroit and Flint were revised for 2008-2015 on 3/1/2019.

City data were revised for 2008-2015 on 3/28/2019.

Births to Mothers with No Diploma or GED (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
14,902
14,262
13,539
13,055
12,463
Michigan
Percent
13.1%
12.5%
11.9%
11.6%
11.2%
Muskegon
Number
288
273
261
249
250
Muskegon
Percent
13.7%
13.0%
12.4%
11.8%
11.9%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
14,902
14,262
13,539
13,055
12,463
Michigan
Percent
13.1%
12.5%
11.9%
11.6%
11.2%
Muskegon
Number
288
273
261
249
250
Muskegon
Percent
13.7%
13.0%
12.4%
11.8%
11.9%
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Definitions: The number of births to mothers who do not have a high school diploma or GED (from the new birth certificate, used in Michigan beginning July 2007). This is a two-year average for 2009 and a three year average for subsequent years.

The percent is based on total live births. An * indicates fewer than six occurrences.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: County data and data for the cities of Detroit and Flint were revised for 2008-2015 on 2/27/2019.

City data were revised 2008-2015 on 3/28/2019.

Births with Late or No Prenatal Care (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
5,752
6,075
6,108
6,064
6,079
Michigan
Percent
5.1%
5.3%
5.4%
5.4%
5.4%
Muskegon
Number
105
110
127
136
144
Muskegon
Percent
5.0%
5.2%
6.1%
6.5%
6.8%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
5,752
6,075
6,108
6,064
6,079
Michigan
Percent
5.1%
5.3%
5.4%
5.4%
5.4%
Muskegon
Number
105
110
127
136
144
Muskegon
Percent
5.0%
5.2%
6.1%
6.5%
6.8%
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Definitions: Births to mothers who received late or no prenatal care, as defined by the new birth certificate used in Michigan since July 2007. This is a two-year average for 2009 and a three year average for subsequent years.

The percent is based on the total number of live births. An * indicates fewer than six occurrences.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: County data for 2008-2015 were revised on 2/5/2019.

City data for 2008-2015 were revised on 3/27/2019

Births With Less Than Adequate Prenatal Care (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
35,498
36,911
36,926
36,285
35,802
Michigan
Percent
31.2%
32.4%
32.5%
32.2%
32.1%
Muskegon
Number
745
816
886
887
864
Muskegon
Percent
35.5%
38.9%
42.2%
42.0%
41.1%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
35,498
36,911
36,926
36,285
35,802
Michigan
Percent
31.2%
32.4%
32.5%
32.2%
32.1%
Muskegon
Number
745
816
886
887
864
Muskegon
Percent
35.5%
38.9%
42.2%
42.0%
41.1%
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Why This Indicator Matters

Prenatal care increases the chances of a healthy pregnancy and birth. Adequacy of prenatal care is based on the Kessner Index, which measures adequacy by the month the care began, number of prenatal visits and length of the pregnancy. Prenatal care is adequate when it begins in the first trimester and includes, on average, at least one or two additional prenatal care visits per month, depending on the length of gestation.
show more

Definitions: The number of live births with less than adequate prenatal care (3 year average), and the percent of total live births represented. This is a two year average for 2009 and a three year average for 2010 and later.







 

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: County data and data for the cities of Detroit and Flint for 2008-2015 were revised on 2/5/2019.

Data for all other cities were revised for 2008-2015 on 4/1/2019.

Births to Mothers Who Smoked During Pregnancy (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
21,782
20,862
19,440
18,263
16,991
Michigan
Percent
19.2%
18.3%
17.1%
16.2%
15.2%
Muskegon
Number
593
574
543
519
492
Muskegon
Percent
28.3%
27.4%
25.9%
24.6%
23.4%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
21,782
20,862
19,440
18,263
16,991
Michigan
Percent
19.2%
18.3%
17.1%
16.2%
15.2%
Muskegon
Number
593
574
543
519
492
Muskegon
Percent
28.3%
27.4%
25.9%
24.6%
23.4%
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Definitions: The number of births to mothers who smoked during pregnancy (from the new birth certificate, used in Michigan beginning in July 2007).

This is a two-year average for 2009 and a three year average for subsequent years. The percent is based on total live births. An * indicates fewer than six occurrences in the relevant period.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes:

County data and data for the cities of Detroit and Flint were revised for 2008-2015 on 2/27/2019.

City data were revised for 2008-2015 on 3/27/2019.

Low Birthweight Babies (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
9,508
9,533
9,637
9,722
9,635
Michigan
Percent
8.4%
8.4%
8.5%
8.6%
8.6%
Muskegon
Number
210
215
205
200
202
Muskegon
Percent
10.0%
10.2%
9.8%
9.4%
9.6%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
9,508
9,533
9,637
9,722
9,635
Michigan
Percent
8.4%
8.4%
8.5%
8.6%
8.6%
Muskegon
Number
210
215
205
200
202
Muskegon
Percent
10.0%
10.2%
9.8%
9.4%
9.6%
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Why This Indicator Matters

Infants born with low birthweight (less than 5 lbs., 8oz.) are at higher risk for physical and developmental delays that hinder growth, school readiness and long-term health outcomes.
show more

Definitions: Babies who weigh less than 2,500 grams (approximately 5 lb. 8 oz.) at birth are considered low-birthweight. The percent is based on total live births. An * indicates fewer than six occurrences.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics. 

Footnotes: These data are based on three-year averages, with the latest year listed. Births by county and city are based on the mother’s residence.

County data and data for the cities of Detroit and Flint were corrected for 2008-2015 on 2/27/2019.

City data were revised for 2008-15 on 3/27/2019.

Preterm Births (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
11,183
11,115
11,254
11,344
11,311
Michigan
Percent
9.8%
9.8%
9.9%
10.1%
10.1%
Muskegon
Number
255
251
240
240
256
Muskegon
Percent
12.1%
12.0%
11.4%
11.3%
12.2%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
11,183
11,115
11,254
11,344
11,311
Michigan
Percent
9.8%
9.8%
9.9%
10.1%
10.1%
Muskegon
Number
255
251
240
240
256
Muskegon
Percent
12.1%
12.0%
11.4%
11.3%
12.2%
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Definitions: Live births with less than 37 weeks of gestation. The percent is based on total live births. An * indicates fewer than six occurrences.







Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.







Footnotes: These data are based on three-year averages, with the latest year listed. Births by county and city are based on the mother’s residence.

County data and data for the cities of Detroit and Flint were revised for 2008-2015 on 2/27/2019.

City data were revised for 2008-2015 on 3/27/2019.

Medicaid Paid Births - Single Year (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
49,008
49,264
48,699
47,662
45,382
Michigan
Percent
42.8%
43.5%
43.0%
42.7%
41.2%
Muskegon
Number
1,284
1,256
1,270
1,246
1,229
Muskegon
Percent
61.6%
60.3%
59.6%
58.6%
59.9%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
49,008
49,264
48,699
47,662
45,382
Michigan
Percent
42.8%
43.5%
43.0%
42.7%
41.2%
Muskegon
Number
1,284
1,256
1,270
1,246
1,229
Muskegon
Percent
61.6%
60.3%
59.6%
58.6%
59.9%
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Definitions: The number of births that were paid for by Medicaid. The percent is based on total live births. An * indicates fewer than six occurrences.












Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: Births by county are based on the mother's county of residence.

County data and data for the cities of Detroit and Flint were revised for 2008-2015 on 2/5/2019.

All other city data were revised for 2008-2015 on 4/1/2019.

Medicaid Paid Births - 3 Year Average (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
49,518
49,401
48,990
48,542
47,248
Michigan
Percent
43.6%
43.4%
43.1%
43.1%
42.3%
Muskegon
Number
1,334
1,319
1,270
1,257
1,248
Muskegon
Percent
63.7%
62.8%
60.5%
59.5%
59.4%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
49,518
49,401
48,990
48,542
47,248
Michigan
Percent
43.6%
43.4%
43.1%
43.1%
42.3%
Muskegon
Number
1,334
1,319
1,270
1,257
1,248
Muskegon
Percent
63.7%
62.8%
60.5%
59.5%
59.4%
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Definitions: The number of births that were paid for by the Medicaid Program (3 year average). The percent is based on total live births.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: All data for 2008-2015 were revised on 4/1/2019.

Births to Mothers Who Are Foreign Born (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
12,955
13,099
13,311
13,667
13,820
Michigan
Percent
11.4%
11.5%
11.7%
12.1%
12.4%
Muskegon
Number
65
66
60
63
63
Muskegon
Percent
3.1%
3.1%
2.9%
3.0%
3.0%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
12,955
13,099
13,311
13,667
13,820
Michigan
Percent
11.4%
11.5%
11.7%
12.1%
12.4%
Muskegon
Number
65
66
60
63
63
Muskegon
Percent
3.1%
3.1%
2.9%
3.0%
3.0%
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Definitions: The number of live births to foreign-born mothers (three-year average). The percent is based on total live births. An * indicates fewer than six occurrences.















Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: These data are based on three-year averages, with the latest year listed. Rates are not calculated for counties or cities with occurrences that total less than six over the three-year period.

County data for 2008-2015 were corrected 2/5/2019.

County data for 2007 were corrected 12/8/2010.















Births With No Paternity Established (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Michigan
Number
17,133
16,720
16,355
15,530
14,702
Michigan
Percent
15.1%
14.7%
14.4%
13.7%
13.0%
Muskegon
Number
367
355
359
349
338
Muskegon
Percent
17.3%
17.0%
17.1%
16.6%
16.0%
Location Data Type 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Michigan
Number
17,133
16,720
16,355
15,530
14,702
Michigan
Percent
15.1%
14.7%
14.4%
13.7%
13.0%
Muskegon
Number
367
355
359
349
338
Muskegon
Percent
17.3%
17.0%
17.1%
16.6%
16.0%
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Definitions: The number of live births for which no designation of paternity was made. The percent is the number divided by total live births. An * indicates the count is less than 6, so no perent is listed.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: Data for 2008 is single-year. Data for 2009 is a two-year average. All other years are three-year averages ending in the year listed.

County data and data for the cities of Detroit and Flint were revised for 2008-2015 on 3/1/2019.

Data for all other cities were revised for 2008-2015 on 4/1/2019.

Children Ages 0-18 Insured by MiChild (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
31,195
45,968
44,170
45,395
50,575
Michigan
Percent
1.3%
2.0%
1.9%
2.0%
2.2%
Muskegon
Number
524
945
906
977
1,125
Muskegon
Percent
1.2%
2.2%
2.1%
2.3%
2.7%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
31,195
45,968
44,170
45,395
50,575
Michigan
Percent
1.3%
2.0%
1.9%
2.0%
2.2%
Muskegon
Number
524
945
906
977
1,125
Muskegon
Percent
1.2%
2.2%
2.1%
2.3%
2.7%
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Definitions: The number of children ages 0-18 insured by MiChild, as of December of the year listed. The percent is based on the population ages 0-18 of the previous year.

Data Source:

Maximus (1999-2015 data); Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, special run (2016-current year data).

 

Footnotes: Data for Detroit, 2016-2018 were revised on 2/24/2020. An error in methodology had led to some children being counted multiple times.

Children Ages 0-18 Insured by Medicaid (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
930,141
973,458
1,003,645
986,573
979,177
Michigan
Percent
39.4%
41.5%
43.1%
42.7%
42.6%
Muskegon
Number
21,546
22,293
22,806
22,609
22,252
Muskegon
Percent
50.0%
52.0%
53.2%
53.1%
52.8%
Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
930,141
973,458
1,003,645
986,573
979,177
Michigan
Percent
39.4%
41.5%
43.1%
42.7%
42.6%
Muskegon
Number
21,546
22,293
22,806
22,609
22,252
Muskegon
Percent
50.0%
52.0%
53.2%
53.1%
52.8%
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Definitions: The number of children ages 0-18 who are insured by Medicaid in December of the year listed. The percent is based on the population ages 0-18 of the prior year.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Bureau of Medicaid Policy and Health System Innovation special run.

Footnotes: Data for Detroit from 2011 to 2018 were revised on 2/24/2020. An error in methodology had led to some children being counted multiple times.

Wexford and Missaukee are combined for 1999-2003. Emmet/Charlevoix and Grand Traverse/Leelanau are combined for 2003.

Children Ages 0-18 With Health Insurance (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
2,210,261
2,208,934
2,195,206
2,182,701
2,162,351
Michigan
Percent
96.0%
96.8%
96.9%
97.1%
96.7%
Muskegon
Number
40,774
40,601
40,401
40,553
39,987
Muskegon
Percent
96.7%
97.0%
97.0%
97.9%
97.3%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
2,210,261
2,208,934
2,195,206
2,182,701
2,162,351
Michigan
Percent
96.0%
96.8%
96.9%
97.1%
96.7%
Muskegon
Number
40,774
40,601
40,401
40,553
39,987
Muskegon
Percent
96.7%
97.0%
97.0%
97.9%
97.3%
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Definitions: The number of children ages 0-18 who had some type of health insurance.  The percent is based on the population ages 0-18.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates (SAHIE). Detroit and Flint are single-year estimates from the American Community Survey. Prior to 2017, estimates for Detroit and Flint only included children ages 0-17.

Footnotes:

SAHIE methodology changed to use the American Community Survey starting in 2008. Thus, data prior to 2008 should not be compared to data after 2008.

Infant Mortality (Number & Rate)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
785
781
763
760
744
Michigan
Rate
6.9
6.9
6.7
6.7
6.7
Muskegon
Number
17
17
18
18
16
Muskegon
Rate
8.1
8.1
8.4
8.4
7.5
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
785
781
763
760
744
Michigan
Rate
6.9
6.9
6.7
6.7
6.7
Muskegon
Number
17
17
18
18
16
Muskegon
Rate
8.1
8.1
8.4
8.4
7.5
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Why This Indicator Matters

Infants who die before their first birthday is a child outcome, but also an indicator of population health. There are several main causes of infant deaths, some of which are genetic and others are environmental factors.
show more

Definitions: Infant Deaths include deaths of infants up to one year of age. The number is the 3-year average ending in the year listed. The rate is the number per 1,000 average live births during that period. An * indicates fewer than six occurrences.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: These data are based on three-year averages, with the latest year listed. Births by county are based on the mother’s county of residence.

The county-level data and data for the cities of Detroit and Flint for 2008-2015 were revised on 2/5/2019.

Data for all other cities for 2008-2015 were revised on 4/1/2019.

Data for 2016 were revised on 2/25/2019.

Child Deaths Ages 1-14 (Number & Rate)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
284
282
297
303
315
Michigan
Rate
16.4
16.5
17.6
18.1
18.8
Muskegon
Number
4
4
5
5
5
Muskegon
Rate
12.6
13.7
14.8
14.9
16.0
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
284
282
297
303
315
Michigan
Rate
16.4
16.5
17.6
18.1
18.8
Muskegon
Number
4
4
5
5
5
Muskegon
Rate
12.6
13.7
14.8
14.9
16.0
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Why This Indicator Matters

Child and teen death rates from all causes, such as accidents, illnesses, homicide and suicide, can reveal underlying issues and inequities within communities, such as neighborhood safety, access to healthcare or exposure to environmental toxins.
show more

Definitions: The number of child deaths ages 1-14 and the rate per 100,000 children ages 1-14. An * indicates the count is less than 6, so no rate is listed.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: These data are based on three-year averages, with the latest year listed. Rates are not calculated for counties with occurrences that total less than six over the three-year period. An * represents the uncalculated rates.

County-level data and data for the cities of Detroit and Flint were corrected for 2008-2015 on 2/5/2019.

Teen Deaths Ages 15-19 (Number & Rate)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
338
322
333
341
329
Michigan
Rate
49.2
47.6
49.6
51.1
49.8
Muskegon
Number
8
9
9
8
7
Muskegon
Rate
66.7
76.2
76.8
68.5
60.3
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
338
322
333
341
329
Michigan
Rate
49.2
47.6
49.6
51.1
49.8
Muskegon
Number
8
9
9
8
7
Muskegon
Rate
66.7
76.2
76.8
68.5
60.3
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Why This Indicator Matters

Child and teen death rates from all causes, such as accidents, illnesses, homicide and suicide, can reveal underlying issues and inequities within communities, such as neighborhood safety, access to healthcare or exposure to environmental toxins.
show more

Definitions: The number of deaths to teens ages 15-19, and the rate is per 100,000 youth ages 15-19. An * indicates the count is less than 6, so no rate is listed.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: These data are based on three-year averages, with the latest year listed. Rates are not calculated for counties with occurrences that total less than six over the three-year period. An * represents the uncalculated rates.

County-level data and data for the cities of Detroit and Flint for 2008-2015 were corrected on 2/5/2019.

Data for 2016 were revised on 2/25/2019.

Child & Teen Deaths Ages 1-19 (Number & Rate)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
622
604
630
644
644
Michigan
Rate
25.8
25.3
26.7
27.5
27.6
Muskegon
Number
12
13
13
12
12
Muskegon
Rate
26.9
30.2
31.2
29.0
27.6
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
622
604
630
644
644
Michigan
Rate
25.8
25.3
26.7
27.5
27.6
Muskegon
Number
12
13
13
12
12
Muskegon
Rate
26.9
30.2
31.2
29.0
27.6
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Why This Indicator Matters

Child and teen death rates from all causes, such as accidents, illnesses, homicide and suicide, can reveal underlying issues and inequities within communities, such as neighborhood safety, access to healthcare or exposure to environmental toxins.
show more

Definitions: The number of deaths to children ages 1-19 (3 year average). The rate is the number per 100,000 population ages 1-19.



Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.



Footnotes: Data for counties and the cities of Detroit and Flint were corrected for 2008-2015 on 2/5/2019.

Data for 2016 were revised on 2/25/2019.

Young Adult Deaths, Ages 18-24 (Number & Rate)

Location Data Type 2010 2018
Michigan
Number
824
853
Michigan
Rate
84.7
88.0
Muskegon
Number
10
17
Muskegon
Rate
63.5
113.9
Location Data Type 2010 2018
Michigan
Number
824
853
Michigan
Rate
84.7
88.0
Muskegon
Number
10
17
Muskegon
Rate
63.5
113.9
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Definitions: The number of deaths from all causes for young adults ages 18-24. It is an annual average for the three-year periods ending in the year listed. The rate is the number of child deaths per 100,000 young adults ages 18-24 (three-year average) during the periods based on the person’s county of residence.


Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Vital Records and Health Data Development Section

Births to Teens Ages 15-19 (Number & Rate)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
7,910
7,063
6,371
5,817
5,380
Michigan
Rate
23.7
21.4
19.4
17.8
16.6
Muskegon
Number
202
188
168
157
158
Muskegon
Rate
36.0
34.0
30.4
28.7
29.3
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
7,910
7,063
6,371
5,817
5,380
Michigan
Rate
23.7
21.4
19.4
17.8
16.6
Muskegon
Number
202
188
168
157
158
Muskegon
Rate
36.0
34.0
30.4
28.7
29.3
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Why This Indicator Matters

Teen moms often struggle to complete high school, live in poverty, and raise a child alone, making it more difficult for them to create good early learning environments to ensure their children are ready and prepared for school. Babies born to teen mothers are more likely to be born too early and/or too small.
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Definitions: The number of births to mothers ages 15-19, and the rate per 1,000 females ages 15-19. An * indicates the three-year count is fewer than 6, so no rate is listed.



Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: These data are based on three-year averages, with the latest year listed. Rates are not calculated for counties with occurrences that total less than six over the three-year period. NA represents the uncalculated rates.

Teen Pregnancies Ages 15-19 (Number & Rate)

Location Data Type 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Michigan
Number
14,046
12,727
11,533
10,462
9,586
Michigan
Rate
41.3
38.1
34.9
31.9
29.4
Muskegon
Number
304
281
268
244
228
Muskegon
Rate
53.1
49.9
48.2
44.2
41.6
Location Data Type 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Michigan
Number
14,046
12,727
11,533
10,462
9,586
Michigan
Rate
41.3
38.1
34.9
31.9
29.4
Muskegon
Number
304
281
268
244
228
Muskegon
Rate
53.1
49.9
48.2
44.2
41.6
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Definitions: The number of pregnancies in the 15-19 age group (three-year average), and the rate per 1,000 females ages 15-19. An * indicates the count is less than 6, so no rate is listed.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.

Footnotes: These data are based on three-year averages, with the latest year listed. The county is based on the mother’s county of residence.

Mental health providers (ratio of population to provider) (Number & Rate)

Location Data Type 2018
Michigan
Number
24,658
Michigan
Rate
404:1
Muskegon
Number
341
Muskegon
Rate
509:1
Location Data Type 2018
Michigan
Number
24,658
Michigan
Rate
404:1
Muskegon
Number
341
Muskegon
Rate
509:1
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Definitions: The number of mental health providers and the ratio of the population to mental health providers in the given year. 


Data Source: County Health Rankings, from Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services National Provider Identification Registry

Footnotes: The ratio represents the number of individuals served by one mental health provider in the county, if the population were equally distributed across providers. For example, if a county has a population of 50,000 and has 50 mental health providers, their ratio would be: 1,000:1. The value on the right side of the ratio is always 1 or 0; 1 indicates that there is at least one mental health provider in the county, and zero indicates there are no registered mental health providers in the county. 


Children With Food Insecurity (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
437,100
397,070
356,930
345,130
318,960
Michigan
Percent
19.7%
18.0%
16.3%
15.9%
14.7%
Muskegon
Number
8,870
7,570
7,420
7,110
6,550
Muskegon
Percent
21.4%
18.4%
18.1%
17.4%
16.2%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
437,100
397,070
356,930
345,130
318,960
Michigan
Percent
19.7%
18.0%
16.3%
15.9%
14.7%
Muskegon
Number
8,870
7,570
7,420
7,110
6,550
Muskegon
Percent
21.4%
18.4%
18.1%
17.4%
16.2%
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Definitions: The number and percentage of children ages 0-17 determined to be food insecure or living in households that experienced food insecurity at some point during the year. Food insecurity refers to the United States Department of Agriculture’s measurement of a lack of access, at times, to enough food for an active, healthy life for all members of a given household, and limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate foods. 


Data Source:

Gundersen, C., A. Dewey, E. Engelhard, M. Strayer & L. Lapinski. Map the Meal Gap 2020: A Report on County and Congressional District Food Insecurity and County Food Cost in the United States in 2018. Feeding America, 2020.

Footnotes:

 

 

According to the data source:

Please take caution as you compare county rates year-by-year. For each iteration of the study, there are very few statistically significant changes. Methodology has changed twice since the study’s inception.

 

Most recently, beginning in 2020, the food insecurity model was enhanced through the inclusion of a disability rate variable and refining our poverty measure to reflect non-undergraduate student poverty. The details surrounding this changed are discussed in a technical brief (pg. 4 – 5). Additionally, in 2013, we introduced homeownership as an independent variable to serve as a proxy for household assets. Because of these methodology changes, the estimates from Map the Meal Gap 2020 are not directly comparable to estimates from previous years. Additionally, studies prior to 2013 are not directly comparable to more recent publications.

Children Ages 1-2 Tested for Lead (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
87,677
87,845
95,337
93,359
89,937
Michigan
Percent
37.5%
38.5%
41.8%
40.5%
39.4%
Muskegon
Number
1,661
1,563
1,720
1,785
1,803
Muskegon
Percent
37.9%
37.7%
41.4%
42.0%
43.3%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
87,677
87,845
95,337
93,359
89,937
Michigan
Percent
37.5%
38.5%
41.8%
40.5%
39.4%
Muskegon
Number
1,661
1,563
1,720
1,785
1,803
Muskegon
Percent
37.9%
37.7%
41.4%
42.0%
43.3%
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Definitions: Children ages 1-2 tested for lead poisoning. Data provided by the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program.

Percent is based on the population of children ages 1-2.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program

Footnotes: Data for 2014-2018 were revised on 9/24/2019. Due to this change, data for 2014-2018 should not be compared to prior years.

Starting in 2018, the same year populations are used to generate percentages. Before 2018, the prior year's populations were used due to availability of population estimates at the time of data release.

Children Ages 1-2 With Elevated Blood Lead (≥5μg/dl) (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
3,101
3,030
3,470
2,861
2,556
Michigan
Percent
3.5%
3.4%
3.6%
3.1%
2.8%
Muskegon
Number
107
74
93
76
92
Muskegon
Percent
6.4%
4.7%
5.4%
4.3%
5.1%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
3,101
3,030
3,470
2,861
2,556
Michigan
Percent
3.5%
3.4%
3.6%
3.1%
2.8%
Muskegon
Number
107
74
93
76
92
Muskegon
Percent
6.4%
4.7%
5.4%
4.3%
5.1%
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Definitions: The total number of children ages 1 and 2 with a lead test reading of 5 or greater micrograms of lead per deciliter of blood as determined by a capillary or venous blood test.

Percent is based on the population of 1-2 year olds who were tested for lead.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program

Footnotes: Data for 2014-2018 were revised on 9/24/2019. Due to this change, data for 2014-2018 should not be compared to prior years.

Department policy requires all counts between 1 and 5 to be suppressed. Percents are suppressed if there were fewer than 6 children for statistical reliability purposes.

Children Ages 1-2 with Elevated Blood Lead, Confirmed by Venous (≥5 ug/dl) (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
1,501
1,449
1,733
1,525
1,445
Michigan
Percent
1.7%
1.6%
1.8%
1.6%
1.6%
Muskegon
Number
53
37
43
22
33
Muskegon
Percent
3.2%
2.4%
2.5%
1.2%
1.8%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
1,501
1,449
1,733
1,525
1,445
Michigan
Percent
1.7%
1.6%
1.8%
1.6%
1.6%
Muskegon
Number
53
37
43
22
33
Muskegon
Percent
3.2%
2.4%
2.5%
1.2%
1.8%
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Definitions: The number of children confirmed to have a blood lead level of greater than or equal to five micrograms per deciliter. A venous test is used to confirm an elevated blood lead level.

The percent is based on the number of children tested for lead.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program

Footnotes: Data for 2014-2018 were revised on 9/24/2019. Due to this change, data for 2014-2018 should not be compared to prior years.

Department policy requires all counts between 1 and 5 to be suppressed. Percents are suppressed if there were fewer than 6 children for statistical reliability purposes.

Children Ages 1-2 on Medicaid, Tested for Lead (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
67,630
65,636
70,307
67,370
62,257
Michigan
Percent
55.6%
54.0%
52.0%
50.7%
47.1%
Muskegon
Number
1,317
1,175
1,288
1,272
1,273
Muskegon
Percent
47.1%
42.0%
43.1%
43.5%
42.8%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
67,630
65,636
70,307
67,370
62,257
Michigan
Percent
55.6%
54.0%
52.0%
50.7%
47.1%
Muskegon
Number
1,317
1,175
1,288
1,272
1,273
Muskegon
Percent
47.1%
42.0%
43.1%
43.5%
42.8%
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Definitions: The number of 1-2 year olds enrolled in Medicaid who were tested for lead.

The percentage is based on the total number of 1-2 year olds enrolled in Medicaid.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program

Footnotes: Data for 2014-2018 were revised on 9/24/2019. Due to this change, data for 2014-2018 should not be compared to prior years.

Department policy requires all counts between 1 and 5 to be suppressed. Percents are suppressed if there were fewer than 6 children for statistical reliability purposes.

Children Ages 1-2 on Medicaid, With Elevated Blood Lead (≥5μg/dl) (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
2,762
2,720
3,105
2,489
2,168
Michigan
Percent
4.1%
4.1%
4.4%
3.7%
3.5%
Muskegon
Number
100
73
86
69
77
Muskegon
Percent
7.6%
6.2%
6.7%
5.4%
6.0%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
2,762
2,720
3,105
2,489
2,168
Michigan
Percent
4.1%
4.1%
4.4%
3.7%
3.5%
Muskegon
Number
100
73
86
69
77
Muskegon
Percent
7.6%
6.2%
6.7%
5.4%
6.0%
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Definitions: The number of Medicaid enrolled 1-2 year olds with an elevated blood lead level (≥5μg/dl) as determined by a capillary or venous blood test.

The percent is based on the total Medicaid 1-2 year olds tested for lead.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program

Footnotes: Data for 2014-2018 were revised on 9/24/2019. Due to this change, data for 2014-2018 should not be compared to prior years.

Department policy requires all counts between 1 and 5 to be suppressed. Percents are suppressed if there were fewer than 6 children for statistical reliability purposes.

Children Ages 1-2 on Medicaid With Elevated Blood Lead, Confirmed by Venous (≥5ug/dl) (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
1,375
1,308
1,569
1,358
1,240
Michigan
Percent
2.0%
2.0%
2.2%
2.0%
2.0%
Muskegon
Number
49
36
38
21
28
Muskegon
Percent
3.7%
3.1%
3.0%
1.7%
2.2%
Location Data Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Michigan
Number
1,375
1,308
1,569
1,358
1,240
Michigan
Percent
2.0%
2.0%
2.2%
2.0%
2.0%
Muskegon
Number
49
36
38
21
28
Muskegon
Percent
3.7%
3.1%
3.0%
1.7%
2.2%
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Definitions: The number of Medicaid children ages 1-2, confirmed to have a blood lead level of greater than or equal to five micrograms per deciliter. A venous test is used to confirm an elevated blood lead level.

The percent is based on the number of Medicaid children ages 1-2 tested for lead.

Data Source: Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program

Footnotes: Data for 2014-2018 were revised on 9/24/2019. Due to this change, data for 2014-2018 should not be compared to prior years.

Department policy requires all counts between 1 and 5 to be suppressed. Percents are suppressed if there were fewer than 6 children for statistical reliability purposes.

Fully Immunized Toddlers, Age 19-35 months (series 4313314) (Number & Percent)

Location Data Type 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Michigan
Number
124,645