Children under 6 in poverty (ACS) in Hawaii
Why This Indicator Matters
Poverty and the associated financial stress can harm child development and limit learning opportunities, especially during this critical stage of development.1 Research shows that families need income at least twice the poverty level to cover basic living expenses like food, housing, transportation and childcare.2 Young children growing up in poverty face financial stress that affects cognitive, social, emotional and physical health.3
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Children under 6 in poverty (ACS)
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Children under 6 in poverty (ACS)
Definitions: Percent of children under 6 years old in families with incomes below 100% of the federal poverty level
U.S. Census Bureau, (various years), American Community Survey 5 -Year Estimates, Table B17024: Age by Ratio of Income to Poverty Level in the Past 12 Months - Universe: Population for whom poverty status is determined.
Estimates for Kauai County in all years, Maui County in 2011 and 2010 only offer medium reliability and should be used with caution. For more information, contact the Center on the Family.
A 90 percent confidence interval for each estimate can be found at the link in the footnotes below.
1Engle, Patrice L. and Maureen M. Black. 2008. “The Effect of Poverty on Child Development and Educational Outcomes.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1136(1): 243-256.
2 National Center for Children in Poverty. “Measuring Poverty.” Accessed July 2019. Available here: http://www.nccp.org/topics/measuringpoverty.html.
3Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne and Greg J. Duncan. 1997. “The Effects of Poverty on Children.” The Future of Children 7(2).; KIDS COUNT. 2019. “2019 Kids Count Data Book: State Trends in Child Well-being.” The Annie E. Casey Foundation. Available here: https://www.aecf.org/m/resourcedoc/aecf-2019kidscountdatabook-2019.pdf.; Ratcliffe, Caroline and Signe-Mary McKerman. 2012. “Child Poverty and Its Lasting Consequences.” Washington D.C.: The Urban Institute.
Center on the Family
To improve the well-being of Hawaii's children and their families by increasing public awareness of their conditions and serving as a catalyst for positive actions on their behalf.