Youth residing in juvenile detention, correctional and/or residential facilities in California

Change Indicator

Why This Indicator Matters

A change is underway in out our nation's approach to dealing with young people who get in trouble with the law. Although the United States still leads the industrialized world in the rate at which it locks up young people, youth incarceration and confinement rates in the U.S. are rapidly declining.

Use the filters on the left to view juvenile incarceration rates by state and year.

Learn More About Youth Incarceration in the United States

Reducing Youth Incarceration
Building on the success of Juvenile Detention Alternatives InitiativeĀ®, the Annie E. Casey Foundation is intensifying efforts to reduce the number of youth placed into correctional institutions and other residential facilities.

Juvenile Detention Alternatives InitiativeĀ®
Begun two decades ago as a pilot project to reduce reliance on local confinement of court-involved youth, the JDAI change model is now operating in nearly 300 counties nationwide, dramatically reducing detention facility populations.

Kids Deserve Better: Why Juvenile Detention Reform Matters

Youth Incarceration Rates in the United States (Infographic)

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Definitions: Persons under age 21 detained, incarcerated or placed in residential facilities.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. "State of Offense" refers to the State where the juvenile committed the offense for which they were being held. The rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement per 100,000 juveniles ages 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each State.

Values include persons under age 21 who had been (1) charged with or adjudicated for an offense; (2) assigned a bed in a facility that can hold accused or convicted juvenile offenders; and (3) placed in the facility because of the offense. CJRP does not capture data on juveniles held in adult prisons or jails. Values include both pre-adjudicated and post-adjudicated individuals. CJRP does not include facilities exclusively intended for drug or mental health treatment even though such facilities may house some offenders. There may, however, be numerous juveniles in residential placement captured by CJRP that were receiving such treatment. State refers to the state where the offense occurred.

Data Source: Sickmund, Melissa, Sladky, T.J., Kang, Wei, and Puzzanchera, C. (2017) "Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement." Online Author's analysis of OJJDP's Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015 [machine-readable data files].
Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezacjrp/

Footnotes: Updated November 2017.
N.A. - Data not available.